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топик Official date of the foundation of Moscow. Ancient Russian architecture. Moscow Prince Dmitry Donskoy and the battle of Kulikovo field. The Cathedral of the Domination. The Kremlin as the heart of Moscow. The Spasskaya Tower as the symbol of the country.


Тип работы: топик. Предмет: Ин. языки. Добавлен: 25.05.2009. Сдан: 2009. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: --.

Описание (план):

“The history of Moscow”


Leonova Nastya, 8 “B”

Moscow was fist mentioned in the chronicles in 1147. At that time it was a small frontier post. It is the official date of the foundation of Moscow; Thought the settlement had been there for some time before. It was fortified and became a market town in the late 12th century. The town was almost to tally destroyed in 1237 and 1293 during the Tatar invasion. It was again captured by the Tatars in 1382. And it was Moscow Prince Dmitry Donskoy who led the Russian troops to a decisive victory over the invader in the battle of Kulikovo field in 1380.

By the 15th century Moscow turned into a wealthy city. It was under Ivan Ш that Moscow became the capital of the state of Muscovy. At that time the Kremlin

Was rebuilt and the Kremlin Cathedrals were erected.

By the 15th century Moscow turned into a wealthy city. It was under Ivan Ш that Moscow became the capital of the state of Muscovy at the time the Kremlin was rebuilt and the Kremlin Cathedrals were erected.

During the time of Troubles Moscow was occupied by the Polish invaders but they were routed by the popular levy headed by Minin and Pozharsky.

By the end of the 15th century Moscow extended its rule over most of central and northern Russia. Its rulers continued to build fortifications around it.

The transfer of the capital by Peter the Great to St.Petersburg in 1712 brought a period of decline to Moscow.

Moscow is known for its beautiful old Cathedrals, churches and monasteries. Some of them date from the 15th to the 17th centuries. The oldest part of Moscow is the Kremlin. This is the main tourist attraction in Moscow the Kremlin stands at the heart of the city. The word “Kremlin” means “fortress”, and the Moscow Kremlin use to be a fortress. In the 15th century, by order of grand duke Ivan Ш the Kremlin was surrounded by a new red-brick wall.

I have a special liking for the Kremlin and St. Basil's Cathedral. They are masterpieces of ancient Russian architecture. The main Kremlin tower, the Spasskaya Tower, has become the symbol of the country. On the territory of the Kremlin you can see old Cathedrals. The Bell Tower of Ivan the Great, the Palace of Congresses, the Tsar-Cannon and the Tsar-Bell, the biggest cannon and bell in the world. St. Basil's Cathedral was built in the mid - 16th century in memory of the victory over Kazan. There is a legend that Ivan the Terrible blinded the architects Burma and Postnik, because he didn't want them to create another masterpiece.

The Moscow Kremlin is the ancient centre of Moscow. It is located on Borovitsky Hill on the left lank the Moskva river and considered one of the most beautiful architectura и т.д.................

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