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Тип работы: Курсовик. Добавлен: 8.5.2013. Сдан: 2012. Страниц: 19. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

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1.1 General overview about Canada
Canada stretches from the East to the west, from Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean and to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It divides overland borders with the United States, in the South and the northwest (State of Alaska). Canada - constitutional monarchy with the parliamentary system, being the bilingual and multicultural country where English and French languages are recognized official at federal level. Technologically advanced and industrially developed state, Canada has the diversified economy which is based on rich natural resources and trade (in particular with the USA) Now Canada is the federal state consisting of 10 provinces and 3 territories. The province with the prevailing French-speaking population - Quebec, the others - mainly English-speaking provinces which are also called «English Canada» in comparison with French-speaking Quebec. Being one of nine mainly English-speaking provinces, New Brunswick is the unique officially bilingual Canadian province. The territory Yukon officially bilingual (English and French), and the North-West Territories and territory Nunavut recognize 11 and 4 official languages (among which also there is an English and French.
Canada is one of the richest countries of the world, the member of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the G8 (G8). Canada has mixed economy, it has smaller degree of economic freedom than the USA, but higher than the majority of the West European countries. Canadas prairies are huge world suppliers of wheat, canola and other grains. Canada is the worlds largest producer of zinc and uranium and a world leader in many other natural resources such as gold, nickel, aluminum and lead. Timber is also a major natural resource. Historically, much of Canada’s exports have been derived from its natural resources. Canada contains a rich abundance of mineral, forest and water-based resources such as iron ore, nickel, zinc, copper, gold, lead, rare earth elements, molybdenum, potash, diamonds, silver, fish, timber, wildlife, coal, petroleum, natural gas and hydropower.
Although fishing and forestry were once major Canadian industries, mineral and energy resources have become the leading source of income for the nation. Canada is the world leader in value of mineral exports with energy resources providing for a vast amount of profit. Canada is a net exporter of energy, exporting 2.151 million barrels of oil per day and 94.67 billion cubic meters of natural gas in 2010. As a result, Canada is the 10th largest exporter of oil and the 3rd largest exporter of natural gas in the world. In addition, Canada has the 2nd largest proven reserves of oil in the world together with the 21st largest proven reserves of natural gas.
Although energy and mineral resources have greatly strengthened the Canadian economy, the emergence of these industries has led to an economic imbalance within Canada. In recent years, Western Canada has seen rapid economic growth with its abundance of oil. Central Canada on the other hand, contains much of its services and manufacturing industries. However, the four Atlantic Provinces of Canada, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia and Newfoundland and Labrador have seen a major decline in its economic activity since the 19thcentury as its primary focus is in the fishing industry. As such, these regions have begun to diversify their economy with Newfoundland and Labrador leading the way in new oil and gas exploration. Canada very strongly depends on international trade, especially trade with the United States. The agreement on free trade between the USA and Canada of 1988 eliminated tariffs between two countries; and the North American agreement on free trade (NAFTA) expanded a zone of free trade having included Mexico, that caused considerable growth of trading and economic integration between Canada and the United States...........

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