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Курсовик CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION
Тип работы: Курсовик.
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CHAPTER 1. CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION 5
1.1. The subject matter of globalization 5
1.2. Americanization and westernization, and culture 8
1.3. Culture within culture. Acculturation. 14
1.4. Categories of acculturation 20
CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 1 24
CHAPTER 2. THE PRESENT DAY OF INDIAN CULTURE 25
2.1. Indian culture and its history 25
2.2. Indian culture today 29
2.2.1 American Indian Clothing and Religion 29
2.2.2. American Indian Hairstyle 33
2.2.3. American Indian food, food customs, other customs and traditions 35
2.2.4. Native American Way of Life nowadays 44
CONCLUSION OF CHAPTER 2 46
Americanization is the influence of the United States on the popular culture, cuisine, technology, business practices, or political techniques of other countries. The term has been used since at least 1907 Inside the U.S. the term most often refers to the process of acculturation by immigrants to American customs.
Critics sometimes give "Americanization" a negative connotation because they perceive as negative the far-reaching American influence in many countries, and may fear the loss of local customs and traditions.
Americanization can refer to the policies of the United States government and public opinion that there is a standard set of cultural values that should be held in common by all citizens. Education was and is viewed as the primary method in the acculturation process. These opinions were harshly applied when it came to Americanization of Native Americans compared to immigrant populations who arrived with their “non-American traditions”. The Americanization policies said that when indigenous people learned American customs and values they would soon merge tribal traditions with European-American culture and peacefully melt into the greater society.
Actuality of this work is that the following Indian problem is one of the central questions in the USA. This country is full of people of different nationalities, and most of them assimilated there, but the Indians stand apart of this
mass. Even after three centuries they did not assimilate and keep their culture and traditions.
Aim of our work is to research the problem of assimilation of Native Americans on the territory of the United States of America.
From our aim we disclose the following scientiﬁc tasks:
1) deﬁne the notions “Arnericanization” and “acculturation”;
2) stand out types of acculturation;
3) describe the position of the Indians in diachronic aspect;
4) get to know the main laws about Indians;
5) analyze videos, interviews and websites about Native Americans.
The subject is Native American’s way of life, culture, food, traditions, languages, etc.
The object is different documentary ﬁlms about Native Americans, interviews of famous researches of this sphere, videos with them, and websites about Native Americans.
The aim and goals determinate the structure of our work, it consists from introduction, two chapters, conclusion and list of literature.
In introduction we formulate actuality, aim, scientiﬁc tasks and deﬁne subject and object matters.
In the ﬁrst chapter “CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION” we disclose such notions as globalization, Americanization and westemization as its main types, acculturation, accentuate four types of acculturation.
In the second chapter on the practical material we show how Indians live on the territory of the USA today. In conclusion we point out what has changed in the life of Native Americans after European invasion, and how they live today
CHAPTER 1. CULTURE AND GLOBALIZATION
1.1. The subject matter of globalization
Globalization is a process of interaction and integration among the people, companies, and governments of different nations, a process driven by international trade and investment and aided by information technology. This process has effects on the environment, on culture, on political systems, on economic development and prosperity, and on human physical well-being in societies around the- world [en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Globalization].
Globalization is not new, though. For thousands of years, people—and, later,
corporations—have been buying from and selling to each other in lands at great distances, such as through the famed Silk Road across Central Asia that connected China and Europe during the Middle Ages. Likewise, for centuries, people and corporations have invested in enterprises in other countries. In fact, many of the features of the current wave of globalization are similar to those prevailing before the outbreak of the First World War in 1914. But policy and technological- developments of the past few decades have spurred increases in cross-border trade, investment, and migration so large that many observers believe the world has entered a qualitatively new phase in its economic development. Since 1950, for example, the volume of world trade has increased by 20 times, and from just 1997 to 1999 flows of foreign investment nearly doubled, from $468 billion to $827 billion. Distinguishing this current wave of globalization from earlier ones, author Thomas Friedman has said that today globalization is “farther, faster, cheaper, and deeper.” But policy and technological developments of the past few decades have spurred increases in cross-border trade, investment, and migration ......
1. Adams, David Wallace, Education for Extinction: American Indians and
the Boarding School Experience, [Text]/ Adams, David Wallace. — California.: 1989. — 286 p.
2. Dozier, C. The Americanization Movement. [TeXt] C. Dozier. — Boston.:l957.-312 p.
3. Eagly, A. The Psychology of Native Americans [Text]/ A. Eagly. — Boston.: 1987. — P. 54-57.
4. Fritz, Henry, E. The Movement for Indian Assimilation, 1860-1890. [Text]/ E. Fritz, —Henry, University of Pennsylvania Press: 1983. — P. 198
5. Harris, H. The Integration of Americans of Indian Descent. [Text]/ H.
Harris, NY.: 2009. — 231 p
6. Hoxie, Frederick A Final Promise: The Campaign to Assimilate the
Indians, 1880-1920. [Text]/ Hoxie, Frederick , - Lincoln: University of - Nebraska Press; 1984. — p.375
7. Kottak, . T. Ethnic Group Cohesion. [Text]/ J. T. Kottak,— NY.: 2005. —
8. Steger, Manfred, B. (2003. Globalization: A Very Short Introduction.[TeXt]/ B. Steger, Manfred. — Oxford University; 1995. — P. 46-59.
9. Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English. International student edition. - Longman Group Ltd, 1995. — 1668 p.
10. MacMillan Dictionary for Advanced Learners. International student edition. — 2006. — 1692 p.
1 1 .http:/ / dictionary .reference.c0m/br0wse/ acculturation
1 2 .http :// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Globalization
13 .enwikipedia.org/wild/Americanization l
15 .en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C01onisation V
17.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Racial_integration 1 -
18 . enwikipedia. org/wiki/Racia1_segregati0n
19 . http :// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americanization_(0f_Native_American s)
20. en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Americanization (foreign_culture_and_media)
21 . en .wikipedia.0rg/wiki/N ative_Americans_in_the_United_States
23 .WWw.ahsd25.k1 2.il.us/curriculum/nativeamericans/index.htm1
24.Wwwinvestorwords.com/2 I 82/globalizationhtrnl
25 .http ://p1ato.stanf0rd.edu/ entries/ gl0balizati0n/
26.http ://www.djmcadam.com/oj ibwe.html
27 . globalénvisi0n.0rg/1ibrary/33/1273
28 .http ://www.msu.edu/~millettf/americaniZati0n.html
34. rice.edu/proj ects/HispanicHealth/Acculturation.html
35 .http ://wwwihefreedictionary.c0m/ acculturation
36. http:/ /www.1enapepr0grams.inf0/ Today/present__day.html
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