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Реферат The profession of a sociologist


Тип работы: Реферат. Предмет: Ин. языки. Добавлен: 2.4.2015. Сдан: 2012. Страниц: 11. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

Описание (план):

1.The profession of a sociologist
2.About profession of a sociologist


Generally its so not easy for a school-leaver to decide on his future career. There are some frivolous people who enter an institute thinking whether they like the profession they had chosen or not. But occupation you want to devote your life to has to bring you satisfaction. So it should be something you can do and you really want to.
I decided to enter the department of sociology and quali­fy as a sociologist. This is rather new profession in our country. And I think it is very interesting speciality. Sociologists are supposed to work with people, to render them real help in difficult situations. Our country is going through a difficult period now. Economic restructuring doesnt lead everyone to success. A lot of people are unemployed. There are winners and losers. There are social workers who have to relieve the burden off peoples shoulders and to help them to solve their problems.
I understand the difficulties of this profession. But I believe this speciality is really needed and hope that I can help a lot of people. Isnt that enough to be satisfied with your job?
Sociological studies of professions have traditionally focused on definitional list-making in an attempt to differentiate professions from nonprofessions. Despite recent criticisms of that approach, it has persisted. After first discussing inconsistencies and difficulties associated with the traditional approach, this paper explores an alternative perspective for analyzing professions. It is argued that the ability to obtain and maintain professional status is closely related to concrete occupational strategies and to wider social forces and arrangements of power. Such a perspective leads to a consideration of the social meaning of occupational tasks, the resources behind the emergence and continuation of professionalism, and the social consequences of professionalism.
The Sociology of the Professions is a key addition to the literature on the sociology of work. A comprehensive study of knowledge-based occupations, this new volume includes authoritative discussions of accountancy, law, and medicine, as well as the more traditional professions, like the clergy and the military. Macdonalds analysis of the professions is illustrated with numerous substantive examples and also provides comparisons between the United Kingdom, the United States, and Europe. An examination of the history of the professions prefaces a detailed analysis of professionalism and power. Macdonald goes on to examine the relationship between professionalism, knowledge, the state, social stratification, organizations, and bureaucracy. The study concludes with a discussion of the future of the professions, which focuses on the issues of the state, bureaucracy, and social power. The Sociology of the Professions is essential reading for any student of this increasingly important area of study. Lucid, clearly written and argued, Keith M. Macdonald has written an essential primer on sociology and the professions. "Keith M. Macdonalds work is richly nuanced, eminently comparative, and singularly suggestive--and thoroughly engrossing, to boot. It begins with the assertion that the currently regnant framework for dealing with professions is considerably less illuminating than that provided by scholars in the symbolic interactionist tradition, i.e., the collective mobility project of the drive of occupations toward professional status. For Macdonald, this is the professional project whose components he describes. Macdonald explores the degree to which different cultural contexts facilitate or deter the project: the part played by the state, the stratification order, patriarchy, and the role of knowledge as both the outcome of cognition and metaphor for behavior. The author undertakes a detailed analysis of the professional project of accountancy, primarily in terms of British data but with some comparative material from Scotland and the U.S., bringing together previous ideas and deftly applying them to a continuing story." -Choice

1.The profession of a sociologist

A substantial majority of sociologists teach in one setting or another-high schools, two-year colleges, four-year colleges, or university graduate departments. Sociology is a rewarding field to convey to others. It combines the importance of social relevance with the rigor of a scientific discipline. It includes a broad range of subject matter, since all forms of social behavior are potential objects of sociological study. Sociology is not only being taught to future sociologists and to undergraduate students as part of their liberal arts or vocational education, but it is also included in the programs of many professions, such as law, education, business, medicine, engineering, social work, and nursing. In addition to the standard college and university courses, sociology courses are frequently offered in adult and continuing education programs and are increasingly prominent in the nations high schools.
Teaching sociology is not the same in every setting. It is one thing to give a general introduction to a class of high school students and quite another to give a specialized course to college seniors. Both of these are different from leading an advanced research seminar for graduate students who are well along toward the Ph.D. In each case there are rewards and frustrations. For many persons, teaching seems a desirable occupation which provides considerable job security and the satisfaction of providing knowledge and stimulation to students who respond with respect and appreciation.
The author analyses the main aspects of the evolution of the so-ciologist profession. She does it on the ground of her experience in a soci-ology located between education and work and on the inventory of a very important corpus of archives from diff erent sources. She rebuilds the history of the sociology of work in France from the 1950s to the 1990s with an analytic schema that could also be used by the sociology of education. She puts that history in its social and intellectual context. She recalls the scientists’ actions to defi ne theories, get them recognised and impose scientifi city norms for the new generations. She also looks into a set of questions about the sociologist profession: how can one combine autonomy of thought and involvement in their own society? Will the expert image take over of intellectual, specifi c of the 1950-1960s
Graduates in Sociology from BHSU are attending law school, graduate school, working as community organizers, advocating for the rights of children and the developmentally challenged, working in business and management positions, serving in for profit and non-profit organizations, assistant managers of local business, etc.
A degree can lead to employment opportunities in all of the following areas:
Criminal Justice- In corrections, rehabilitation, law enforcement, the justice system, parole system.
Business and Industry- Advertising, Consumer and Market Research, Management of Non-profit organizations, Human Resources, Training and Human Development, Leadership Training.
Research and Planning- Governmental and regional planning departments, research firms, evaluation research, publ........


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