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Задание № 2938


Контрольная Контрольная


Ин. языки


300 руб.





I.Прочтите и устно переведите на русский язык весь текст. Перепишите и письменно переведите первый и второй абзацы.

disintegration - распад
famous - знаменитый
to found - основывать
leading - ведущий
New Zealand - Новая Зеландия nuclear model - ядерная модель атома
particle - частица
to scatter - рассеивать(ся)
to split - расщеплять(ся)

1. Ernest Rutherford was born in New Zealand where he lived up to 1895. At the of 19 after finishing school he entered the only New Zealand University founded in 1870. At that time there were only 150 students and 7 professors there. At the university Ernest took great interest in physics and developed a magnetic detector of radio waves. However , he was absolutely uninterested in the practical applications of his discoveries.
2.In 1895 Rutherford went to Cambridge where he continued research under Thomson ( 1856 -1940), the outstanding English physicist. There Rutherford studied the processes of ionization in gases and took great interest in radioactivity opened by Becquerel (1852- 1908), a world -known French physicist. About ten years Ernest Rutherford lived and worked in Canada. Later he lectured in leading universities in the USA and England from 1907 till 1919.
3.Rutherford‘s famous work «The Scattering of Alpha and Beta Particles of Matter and the Structure of the Atom» dealt with so- called « atom models». All main Rutherford‘s works deal with the nuclear models. The splitting of the atom has opened to man a new and enormous soutce of energy. The most important results have been obtained by splitting the atom of uranium.
4.For working out the theory of radioactive disintegration of elements, for determining the nature of alpha particles, for developing the nuclear atom, Rutherford was awarded the 1908 Nobel Prize in chemistry.
5.Rutherford created a school of talented physicists in the field of atomic research. Russian scientists P.Kapitza and Y.Khariton were among his pupils. E. Rutherford died in 1937 at the age of 66.
II. Закончите предложения в соответствии с содержанием текста:
1.The first university where Rutherford studied was in ...
a) America; b) Europe; c) New Zealand.
2.The university was ...
a) very old and well-known all over world;
b) very small and quite new;
c) very large and rich in traditions.
3.At the university Rutherford became interested in ...
physics; b) history; c) social sciences.
4.In 1908 E.Rutherford was awarded the Nobel Prize for ...
a) his first scientific work;
b) the practical application of his investigations;
c) a number of researches in chemistry.
III. Заполните пропуски, пользуясь списком слов, данных ниже:
1.At school Rurherford ... to chemistry.
2.In 1890 he ... the only New Zealand University.
3.Four years later he ... from the University and went to Cambridge.
4.In 1911 Rutherford ... a planetary model of the atom.
5.Some of his works ... with the radioactivity of different elements.
6.Being a talented organizer Rutherford ... a large school of physicits.
7.His ... have become world - known.
Created; suggested; graduated; paid much attention; dealt; entered; investigations.
IV. Перепишите данные ниже предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи является слово с окончанием «-s» и служит ли оно: а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite;б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного; в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного. (см. образец выполнения 1). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Ernest Rutherford was absolutely uninterested in the practical applications of his discoveries.
2. Rutherford’s famous work “The Scattering of Alpha and Beta Particles of Matter and the Structure of the Atom” dealt with the so- called “ atom models”.
3. A molecule consists of two or more atoms.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их , учитывая особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженных именами существительными.( см. образец выполнения 2).
1. Rutherford entered the New Zealand University founded in 1870.
2. In 1850 Mendeleyev entered the St. Petersburg Pedagogical Institute to study chemistry.
3. The power station is consuming a great amount of coal.
VI.Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие прилагательные в различных степенях сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.
1. The most important results were obtained by splitting the atom of uranium.
2.The development of physics of metals makes the field of metallurgy broader.
3. Carbon makes the physical qualities of metal better.
VII. Выберите нужную форму глагола to be и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.Ernest Rutherford ( is, was, will be) born in New Zealand.
2.In 1870 in the New Zealand University there ( are, were, will be) only 150 students.
3.These calculations ( are, were, will be) very complex.
VIII.Поставьте глаголы, данные в скобках, в Past Indefinite Tense.
1.When Mendeleyev was 16, he ( to enter) the Pedagogical Institute in St. Petersburg.
2.In 1895 Rutherford (to go) to Cambridge to continue his research.
3.About ten years Rutherford ( to live) and ( to work) in Canada.
IX.Выберите нужную форму глагола to have и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.Our laboratory ( to have, has, had) a new and effective equipment.
2.Rutherford ( to have, has, had) many pupils, and Russian scientists P. Kapitza and Y. Khariton were among them.
3.The Table of Elements ( to have, has, had) vertical groups and horizontal periods.
X. Заполните пропуски прилагательными в соответствующей степени сравнения.
1.D.I. Mendeleyev was one of (outstanding, more outstanding, the most outstanding) Russian scientists.
2. ( important, more important, the most important) results were obtained by splitting the atom of uranium.
3.Rutherford created a school of ( great, greater, the greatest) physicists in the field of atomic research.
XI. Перепишите данные ниже предложения, определите в них видо- временную форму глаголов. Предложения переведите(см. образец выполнения 3).
1.The laboratory assistant always fixes the devices himself.
2.Ernest Rutherford lived and worked in Canada.
3.The students will take an active part in the preparation for the conference.
4.The students are having their English lesson now.
5.He was writing a marketing plan yesterday.
6.She will be waiting for me at this time tomorrow.
XII. Задайте общий, альтернативный, разделительный и специальные вопросы к данному предложению (см. образец выполнения 4):
In 1895 Rutherford went to Cambridge to continue his research.
XIII. Образуйте слова с помощью данных суффиксов. Переведите исходные и производные слова.
а) существительные:
• ist: physic(s), telegraph, special, social
• ing: to draw, to begin, to read
• ency: effici(ent), depend(ent)
б) прилагательные:
• less: help, motion
• ant: import, resist
• ful: use, power.

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