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: . : 05.07.2012. : 2010. : 16. antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

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15 01 06000000021







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2009



:

1


, 400
, 400
, 12
, 0
, 1280
, / 180
, 0
, 375
, /3 18841
1,12

2


: , /3 , %
CH4 N2 C4H10 O2 CO2 CO H2 ?
0 96,15 0,41 3,08 0,36 0 0 0 100
21 0,24 56,2 0 0 10,36 30,47 2,73 100
















...................................................................................2
...................................................................................................................4
1. ......................................................................................5
2. ................................................8
2.1. .............................................................................8
2.2. .............9
2.3. ..................10
2.4. .............................................12
3. ..........................................................13
4. ...............................................................................................14
4.1. ...........................................................................................14
4.1.1. ...........................................................14
4.1.2. ,....................................14
4.1.3. ...............................................14
4.2. ............................................................................................14
4.2.1. , ......................................14
4.2.2. , ......................14
4.2.3. ................................15
4.2.3.1. ..................................................15
4.2.3.2. ................................................15
4.2.4. ࠠ頠 ......................................16
4.2.5. .....................................................................16
4.2.6. ...................................................17
5. .................................................18
6. ..................................................................................................22
7. ........................................................................................................24
..............................................................................25






, , (, , ). . , .
, . - , , .
, .


























:
1.1

: , /3 , %
CH4 N2 410 O2 CO2 CO H2 ?
0 96,15 0,41 3,08 0,36 0 0 0 100
21 0,24 56,2 0 0 10,36 30,47 2,73 100

(1.1) (1.2) .
.1.2
(1.1)
(1.2)
W , /3
1.2

: CH4 N2 410 O2 CO2 CO H2 2
?
96,15 0,41 3,08 0,36 0 0 0 0 100
0,23389 54,77145 0 0 10,09666 29,69548 2,66060 2,18671 100

Q (1.3):
Q
=127,7CO+108H2+358CH4+1185 410 (1.3)

=35896,15+11853,08 = 38071,5/3 = 38,071 /3
=127,729,69+1082,66+3580,2338 = 4163,2 /3 =4,163
/3
(1.4) (1.5) (.. 1.3).
x = ? + x(1-?) , (1.4)
(1.5)
- ;
- ;
- .
? (1.5):



1.3

CH4 N2 410 O2 CO2 CO H2 2 ?
38,2009 33,2532 1,219174 0,14250 6,10004 17,9409 1,60744 1,32113 100


n = 1 :
VO2=0,01[0,5(CO+H2)+S(m+n/4)CmHn] (1.6)

VO2= 0,01[0,5(17,99+1,61)+(1+1)38,2+(4+10/4)1,22]=0,941 3/3.
? =1,08 :
V= ? (1+k)V2 , (1.7)
k N2 O2 ( k=79/21=3,762).
V= 1,12(1+3,762)0,941=4,839 3/3.

:
VCO2=0,01[CO2+CO +CH4+4?C4H10)] (1.8)
VH2O=0,01[H2O+H2+0,5(4CH4+10C4H10)] (1.9)
VN2=0,01N2+?kVO2 (1.10)
V'O2=(?-1)VO2 (1.11)

VCO2 = 0,671 3(/3).
VH2O = 0,854 3(/3).
VN2 = 4,156 3(/3).
V'2 = 0,075 3(/3).

:
V.=VCO2+VH2O+VN2+V`O2 (1.12)

V.= 0,671+0,854+4,156+0,075=5,7573(/3).

:
CO2 11,66 %
N2 72,19%
O2 1,31%
2 14,83%








:
1.4

        , ,
        CH4 0,273518623
        N2 0,415665538 N2 5,1958044
        C4H10 0,011252978
        O2 0,002034913 O2 0,1074863
        CO2 0,119743784 CO2 1,3184632
        CO 0,224261846
        H2 0,001446699
        H2O 0,010621919 2 0,6866021
        ? 1,0585463 ? 7,306623
        6,243032681
        7,301578981
        -0,00504403

:
, (1.14)
i= 464,11/3 350 Ѡ
(1.14) : i0= 3663,156 /3.
t'=2200 C , (1.15):
(1.15)
i2200= 3708,913 /3.
i2200>i0 , t''=2100 C :
i2100 = 3520,827 /3.
:
(1.16)
t = 2175,672 C.

?=0,75 , (1.17) :
t =? t (1.17)
t=0,752175,672= 1631,75 C.
2.
2.1.
t=1050 C; 50 C , .. 1330C. , ( . 1.)

. 1.
, 400-500 C.
:
Dt =(700-800)m? (2.1.1)
m? - () ( m=0,55 );
? - .
Dt=7000,550,4=154C
.. 500 C.
. :
B=l+2a (2.1.2)
a=0,2 - , l- .
B=12+20,2=12.4 .
[1] :
- 1,65 ,
- 2,8 ,
-1,6 .
( 12 )
(2.1.3)

H- , .
w.=1,3
w.=1,5
w.=1,3083

(2.1.4)


S.= 2,551 ;
S.= 4,112 ;
S.= 2,621.

2.2. .
e
    t=0,5(1631,75+1050)=1340,88 .
CO2 H2O :
    pCO2=98,10,117=11,477 ;
    pH2O=98,10,148=14,518 ;
    pCO2S.=11,4772,551=29,278 ;
    pH2OS. =14,5182,551=37,035 .
[1, .13-15]
    eCO2=0,12 e'H2O=0,19; b=1,08.
e=eCO2+be'H2O (2.2.1)
e =0,12+1,080,19=0,3252

(2.2.2)
e=0,8.
e=0,510
:
- t=0C;
- t=0C;
- t=500C;
- t=400C.
. :
, (2.2.3)


C0=5,7 /(2K2) - .
a=185,81 /(2K)
Q Bi

Q =0,627 , Bi=0,859.
:

(2.2.6)

=225C,
[1, IX] l=47,55 /(K) a=11,3910-6 2/.
Q Bi [1, 22] F0=0,4. :
(2.2.7)
    t=1699,74 .
. [1, 24] F0=0,4 Bi=0,680 ?=0,85. :

t =t-?(t-t) (2.2.8)
t=201,13C.

2.3. .
e t=1631,75.
CO2 H2O :
    pCO2=98,10,117=11,477 ;
    pH2O=98,10,148=14,518 ;
    pCO2S.=11,4774,112=47,19 ;
    pH2OS. =14,5184,112=59,695 .

[1, .13-15]

e'CO2=0,14 ; e'H2O=0,21; b=1,04.
(2.2.1)
e=0,14+1,04+0,21=0,3584 .
(2.2.2)
e=0,8.
e=0,559
:
- t =500C;
- t=1280 C;
(2.2.3): a=490,52 /(2K)
( ) :
t=t-
(t-t) (2.3.1)

=300,95 C

(2.2.4)
    Q=0,26
(. (2.2.6))
    =720,28 C.
IX l=31,24 /(K) ?=0,000005 2/.
(2.2.5) Bi=3,45
Q Bi [1, .22] F0=0,5. (. (2.2.7)):
        t=4840 .
. [1, .24] F0=0,5 Bi=3,45 ?=0,55. (2.2.8):

          t=899,81C







2.4. .
Dt=1280-899,81=380,18C. Dt=50C. :

(2.4.1)


, m=3 F0 [1] F0=0,45. (. (2.2.6)) :

    =1172,45C
IX: ?=29,18 /(?); a=0,00000556 2/
(. (2.2.7)):
    t=3917,27 .
:
t=t+t+t=1699,74+4840+3917,27=10457,0028 .(2,905 .)


















3. .
P=180 / (50 /) :
G=Pt=5010457,0028=522850,1399


g=lbhr (3.1)
g=120,40,47850=15072.
l=12 - , b=0,4 - , h=0,4 ; r=7850 /3 - .
, :
n=G/g (3.2)
n=34,69 . n=35

L=bn, (3.3)
L=0,435=14 .
B=12,4 F=BL (3.4), F=173,6 2. , . , ..

(3.5)


L=2,28.
L=6,48.
L=5,24.




















4.

. , , 5% , .

4.1. .
4.1.1. .
Q=BQ (4.1.1.1)
B- , 3/, .
Q=B18841 .
4.1.2. ,.
Q=BiV . (4.1.2.1)
Q=B2328,94 .
4.1.3. .
, 1%, :
Q=5650Pa, (4.1.3.1)
a- , P- .
Q=2825 .

4.2. .
4.2.1. , .
Q=P(i-i), (4.2.1.1),
i=875,4 / - i=0 /- t=0C [1, IX.]
Q=43770 .
4.2.2. , .
Q=BV.i. (4.2.2.1).
t=1050C [1, IX.]

4.1.
t=1050C
O2 2,74624784
H2O 269,177805
O2 20,4110874
N2 1061,23416
i 1353,5693





Q=B7796,559.


4.2.3. .
. .

4.2.3.1. .
F=173,6 2; d=0,3, - . , , .
= (1050+1631,75+1310)=1317,28C (4.2.3.1.1).
t=30C, t=340C.
t=0,5(1317,28+340)=828,64C [1, XI] l=1,75+0,00086t=2,46 /(K).


a [1, XI]
a=1,3(10+0,06t) (4.2.3.1.3)
a=39,52 Q=1518,925 .
4.2.3.2. .
d=0,345 d=0,115 .
:
F=2Lh (4.2.3.2.1)
: F=14,56 2; : F
..................



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