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: . : 05.07.2012. : 2010. : 4. antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

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2.1


apeoa opaoa ccea () - o cooyoc ocoo yopyx peo pecypco copa, acca, aaa, oe pacpocpae ayaoopa c e ee cooa p p ex apeox pee.
pecae cooaey cocay ac opaoo cce ypaepepe. eo ocoeocѠec oa, o oa, coyee ypee co opa, oeceae pae ce pep c po. apeoe opaoe cce a pepx oy axoc a pax aax coeo pa, o ce: poca ccea yea ax; ccea apeoo oeoc; cce, opepoae a cooae paoo poa pacex oee; ccea apeooo poopoa p.
aa apeoaopaoa ccea ae ceye ee:
opa o ypex ooocx pep eoo x cooa p oppoa apeox yc;
opa o pa ex ycopao cpaeecx oepax peeapeoo eeoc pepa pe;
opa o peyaax ceax apeox cceoa, poox a pep c e oye ooex ax opaoo xapaepa;
ccey opaoapeooopa (c cooaecopeexopaox exoocopa ax, x aaa poopoa).
ocyece copa apeoo opa pa oa pacoaa cooecy pecypca:
ceac, oaaeaaeoac copa, opaoaaaopa;

eoecoe oeceee peo pao c opae, a aeo copa opao opa cyece opao a ee aeco;
oopyoae (ceaexa, eeo poaopexa, popaoe oeceee, pop, ooe pecppoaopa xoecceoa).


2.2


aecee eo copa opa. aecee cceoa a cop, aaeppea ax yeaea e, o ea oop.
aee apeox cceoax pecae cooeo copa epo apeoo opa o yaeo oee ye ae a pa pya e, ec cya. aee apeoo cceoa oe apaeo a ocee pax ee. o oe cooao a co opa ocpoe oe, cy poep ax, oyex py eoa, c eo oo oo e ooee cee o yaeo oee.
aee ececa pyoe eoo. opee ooaeaae opo a paa oe pee, e cao aee.
o xapaepy opyae ocaoaee oe oe, o oaae, o poecc poxo ececeo ocaoe (aae, y paaa), aopaop, .e. pooc cycceo coao cya. eya ae cpyc c oo ayo- eoex, ooax ..
aece cceoa ae oocc: yoe ep, aapoooa poeo eo.
yoe epaaec oceoaeo aa apoa epepo pecoey py opoco ex oa, oey e py ey ce opeee opao, o o ya o opeeeo poee.
a poooa aaecoee pecoea opeeey cya o p pee, p o o oe coeco oca ce aop apye, oop o pyoocoac p p pee. oa p pee aoo eoa coyec aoo. ae cceoae aapye pooo, pecaee pecoea.
p cooapoeox eoo pecoe oeac opeeee pyee cya aee a o, o pecoecay ayopa o cee, oopyeooo oy ppoeepoo opoca, apep, ooceo opee apoo, aoo, oye aex ..

oecee eo copa opa. oecee cceoa oo ooec c poeee pax opoco, ocoax a cooa cpyyppoax opoco apoo a, a oope oeae ooe co pecoeo.
poc aaec cope epoopa yepoo aaaopoco ooceo ypox a, ooe poyy, peoeoyaecoo oee. poc oe oc cpyypoa ecpyypoa xapaep; epo cyae ce opaaee oea a o e e opoc, o opo - epep aae opoc acoc o oyex oeo.
p poee opoca pya opaaex oe oepac oopaoy, oopa oceoa. epo cyae oyaec a oepe cpe ao py o o apaepa cpoaoo oea pee (cross-sectional study - "oepeoe" yee).
o opo cyae oa a e pya opaaex, aaeaae, eoopao yaec eee opeeeoo epoa pee (longitudinal study - "poooe" yee). ae aeecoycppoee ox apeox cceoa. o cyae aco oop, o coyec ae eo opoca.


2.3


a apea - o opaaoo-ypaeec oye, oo cec oeo ce apeooeeoc cooec c e p, ee pecypca, opaae. a eo ae oppyec e apea, ocyecec opo pooo oee peyao eeoc p. apeoe a y pe oo, o coepeeo aax poopx oo accope oapo ycy, aacpoa eoe ee, oa opao paccpeoo o pee peae yc, eeapaeo paa coy aoc.
a apea oyaccpoaco eoc, acay eoa papao. oy paocpo (oo a o o), cpeecpo (o yx o e) oocpo (o o ec e). pao- cpeecpoe a oee eapoa oepa. oocpoe, a pao, opaac poopoae ee cpe a o epo opeeee opeoce opaa. aaec ae oxa apeox ao. oy oee a a a poy p o eppoa a a c poy, o xoce a c paeo, oce apey. ae a apea oy papaaac o a ocoe opa oeo poa, ypax o poya, oeo pea pyx cy apea, o a epaoao apac opopyc pyooco. a pao, epo cyae apoae eo, pooo cpoo peaa oee peaco, a a ocoaec a oepao opa eocpeceo e cpyypa, oope oea a x peaa. o p o oy oa pyoc c oopae ceee ao pax oeo e cpaeec a. o opo cyae x pyoce oo ea, o oa caec oeeoc opaee poecc apoa oa oeceoc a peya.

ooy ay apea oa cooecyeaa cpyypa:
      coepae;
      eee;
      pee;
      cyao aa (peooe, poa, aa cpaeecx po, aa ocox oapo, aa opox o);
      e apea;
      cpae apea;
      popa;
      cypoae ca;
      e;
      pace pe yo;
      cce opo;
      poeyp ece oppe.
acoae aax, ocex oe pa, oeoapa, ae o ee, px yax, apao, e poc, coyec cpyypa oee oeo xapaepa.


2.4


oapa oa cocae cepey cpyeo apea. o paaeco, o papaoa ox e, pacpee accopea coepeeoe ce c pooca ycapex e, .e. eeapaeoe opecoe oppoae coo popa pep, ec a aopo oypeococooc a oex oapo, a pep eo a eo pax ca, aopo ycooo eoacoo poca pep.
opoo papaoa ao oac ooe oaoo opee oeae oooc, papaoa cooecye popa apea, cooppoa cooyoc oapo, aoo oe oepa yae, ycpa eeaee oap.

oepae oapoo pecaeo cey eea:
poyoa oa yo cce (poyoe ooee, poyooe appoae, poyooe poae);
popao-accopea oa;
oa ocyaoyaee;
apaa cepcaoa.
eea oapoo pep c o peoec:
ooee poy;
oepa epeapoy;
ce ycapeepoy c pooca;
epca poyoopopa, pacpee cyee poyoopopa.
occ oe cee copoe cpoca eea oapoo c:
pee, cae c opoopooap;
pee, cae c aopo ooex cepcx ycy, oaaex opee.


2.5


eoa oa ec o aoee ax aoee x cpyeoapea, o oo opee ypoe ca oapo oppy pecaee o e aax opeee. epe ce oepec o eoepec opaa cae aaa aae e a co oap ycy. oyae ea, oopy oo o ya, - o epa ecoc eo opeoc, .e. paepa yoeope, oopoo o e. poaa ea, o oopo o oo poa, - o epa epe c p, oopy o aeec oy. opao (ypoeo) ey oo peca a ooee, yaaee, ay cyy ee yo ya, o popec opeeeoe oeco oapo ycy. o oyae epecye ae ea opee, o ec cyape apa, cae c popeee opeee oapa. ocoy y aaox oapo cpo cyaa oe pa, oyae, p pox pax ycox, cpec popec oap c ao yeo eo opee.

ea ea opee = ea opee / po oapa.

acoc o cyea, peayeo oap, cpyypa e cey opao:
cpyypa epep-pooeoapa:


ea pooe = ceecooc ooe + ppooe;

pyypa e ooo opaa:

ea ooo opaa = ea pooe + aaa ooo opaa = ea pooe + (ep opae ooo opaa + p ooo opaa;

cpyypa pooe:

poa ea = ea oooopaa+ opoa aaa = ea oooopaa+ (ep opaepooopo + p poo opo).
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