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pa oe ceye y:
    Opaa pex copa poee acx yx opo, a eo:
    opaa pex po;
    papaoa pa peo po;
    aepao-execoe oeceee opo;
    apoa aapa p.
opaaopopa pee ceo oa pacoaa xopoo oopyoa "po eco" (peao), oopoe oo ea ocaoo ooe oeco poao oyaee, yx op peo op. cooae copeex epox cpec c e peye eco pcyc opyx oo ece, a ooe ec opo epe epoe oepe epa. Ho o cyae pa paa oece cooey cc .
Opaa opopeyeop papao cpooo coepaopo, .e. oppaoeeya .
Maepao-execoe oeceee opoaeoopyae peoo aa, paox ec yaco po, oepoe oeceee cex poecco a pe ..
eepex popa oa pacoaa coo- apoa ao copyo.
2. pyoyepec papaoa pex opao, oopa ae:
    caapa peoa aece xapaepca pex oapo;
    caapa paepo ap oapo;
    paoy ex peoa pacea o pe ce.
pa ycaaaeece peoa eapa, oope oycacpe opa. Ha ocoe x peoa papaaac pee caap.
cope oopeaex ceo cococy oe pee opa, oope papaaac pa.
3. Papeee copo o pe cea.
B poecce pex opocy cax pax p (oa, oa oaa, eea paoa ocyaero epcoaa..) oo cyaooecopx cya , . .
4. Bee peypoae pex e.
pa yacyeoppoa peypoa ea ce pex oapo. Koepa cpoca peoea pe, aee ooo oeca ceo ca e epox aopo a ey, ea ee acao peo peaoy cpocy peoe. pea ea ycaaaec poecce ee opo, oopa paccapaec a aoee aa y p. p o o opoo oa cpoaue e a pe eee aoo ee pao; pecpau ypca a ex ya; ey pex oapo. Kopoae e - o pecpa pex e o pe paa c x oceye yae.
ya ea pee oap cy opepo poaooyaee, ooae paoa co cpae oee a oepex pex opax.
5. peoe cpaxoae (xepoae) yaco peo opo o eaopx x oea e. oo a pe coyc ceae ceo exa x ae. Bo aay cpaxoa yaco peoo opa, pa e coo opaye opo, coo ee ocyae. pa coae yco oo, o oyae poa peaoo (aoo) oapa o coey ea o oopeeo pa yace cooecyx pex opax aece eo yaco. o oae oepe pe, peae e pox ceyo, yea co opyx a eocpeceo, a epe ocpeo.
6. apapoae oe ceo ocaec ocpeco pex cce pa paceo. oo pa coye ccey eax paceo ye aea , .
7. opaoa eeoc p.
Baee ye p c cop pecpa pex e c ocey x ooee yae, peocaee ea, pa py aepecoa opaa, a eyapo po opa o a oapo o opaa poa oo a ocoe coxc pex caapo, ee ya aeax, ypaax, opaox aecax. [5, . 6 ]


1.3 ,
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    2. 1.

C c aooycoepacaa peo,aepeo(eaoco) aope. B poopae ocoa o ceoc apxoca epeoaoca po.
pee p a aope po coe c cao p, a ae aooaeco P, peypy poeee ax . Baa pa e . pao yacoa pax a e e ee ypee, a ae opaa, pe e p.
aa opo papeeo ocye oepa yx o:
    o coeo e o opye e;
    o coeo e a co ce.
a opooyoep ocyecee oepa a aope co peae, opx ey epa. Oao ep a ao pe e oe ocyec ce c, o e pecaee yaca po. B pex pax eo yac oy pecae oo aoo.
opo aeax ceoa pe peae cy opao(. 1.)





. 1. [5, . 96]
1. K pae peee o oye poae ocpao pa yaca opo, epe oopoo yy ocyc . Ta opao, e ya po poaa oyae a. Ceye e y, ee poao oyaee o a ppe, opaa, a o a, e e epaoo aa Pocc a coepee oepa c ocpao .
2. Coaee ey eo yaco opo. Ec yac po p ae eo c ao cyae o coeo e o opye ea a eo ce, coaee c eo oope o eo ycope ceo, .e. oyeao (ceoe opyeco, ac, eec), yco.
3. opoe cpecea oe ceo. Ta a yac po a ao pe ece acoy eec a eoee e cox oaec, o pae peoa o eo opoa ep aao po ce a cy e, aeo eo pa ocpao ae pyx.
4. ope aea. oy ( poa) op a pcae yacy po ay.
B aeoeyaa ay ce ee o, paep ce peoe a ypc (ec aa "poaa"), o opoy coace ee y ( ). Ec a "epoaa", yaae, o aa oe yea ( poaa) o eyey peoy ypcy. ae a oyy ocpao a e eappy e ee .
5. Opeyoooeoae ceaoo ceaea. Ceae ca cya yea ocpao a, yeo e a ao pe, opac yoooex aax, oyx opye ea a oyy ocpao a. oooe a ocyce opo a ee cooae cpe, axoxc a yaao cee, yae ocyee ccae acox pecypco o pee ea coecyx oye.
6. aa yaca opo a oyy () poay ocpao . ya oye poae opao a epe aao opo ee yac pa ypcooy aepy, eyey peo op, papee a ce o a cpe a x oppecoex ceax ocyax x aax.
B ae yaca poyaaecya oypoaocpao a, a ae ee ypc, oopoy o o y poa ay. Cya oy poa ocpao a yaae oapax CA.
peapee a o pecae yaca poe oee ea 1 . o aaa ayoa.
7. peoopaaope poo ope ayoa, op ee ypcoo aep. B eo oao ae xo opeeee eyeo ypca ocpao a py.
p poee ayoa ao ycao aa ypc a, c opoo aaec ayo. B aece aaoo ypca oy coac:
    ypc, acpoa a peyx opax ao ao p;
    oce ypc MMB;
    oa ypc epaoro aa .
Kao yaaxypcopaa aaypc, ycaaaepeo coeopeo p.
epe aaopa ypcooaep oe cyaoa poay . a a poay cocapeoee, a oyy cpoc.
Oaoc aepa aaecycaoe aaca ey cpocopoee, .e. ooe oc ca.
c o cocoe opo, poopo oe aoa poy ocpaoa coc pa oey oa ee oyy. Moe oce ca e oe aepe po (ayoa). c xapaepye opee ypco ocpao a aoao, op aoc ypco ae eo ocyece pace o a ax opax. c e oae aoaec. Cyecy opeeee paa, ooe ero .
1. Ecpeoee peaecpoc, oaep oaypc a; ppee cpoca apoeeaep, apo, oaeypc ocpaoao ooe.
2. He oycaeceee apaee ypca ocpaoa aoao oce epoo ee aaoo (cpoo) ypca.
3. ypca opao aaoaopoecce poopeeypcoaepo. B cpocooeeoaoe ycaaac o 0,1 o 10 .
4. ooee aoee cyoypaoa yacapoepecoxepo.
5. Koppepoa ooeoa, ee coooee cpoca poea opaoe, aaecoe ee a oee, opoo e xaae ee yoope. [5, . 99]
cxo paoceca oo a aepax apaa ycaoe peoo ypca.
1. o aa, ocy a py o aaa po, ypcoo aep (oaoe o p) ycaaae epx pee ("ypco ca"), paax opx pooeo oe ye acpoa ooae ypc po.
Kae 3 .ypcooaep eeypc pycpoyoe(ec cpoc peae poee) oe (ec poee peae cpoc). Kypcoo aep (eo oo) cpye poecce po ce ee, ecee ee yaca ooe oeca aeo a yco ee poa.
oce oe"ypcoo ac" yac po oa oe a oa paee oae epe epo, axoxc peo ae, c op o ca epe cpca c. oaa ox ao o capx ocyee epoec (c epao 3 .) o epe ee aoo ypca.
oaa ox o apx aoac o coooe cpoca poe.
p pee cpoca apeoee:
    poa a oy ye oeo peaaeo a, a ae e yco paee ax ao cpoy oe ypca py o, o caacpoa cpoc poee;
    oyae a oy ye oeco oyaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao cpoy oe ypca a o ooe py.
p pee peoeu a cnpoco:
    poa a oo yea oeco poaaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao cpoy oe ypca py;
    oyae a, a pao, yea oeco oyaeo a, a ae e yco paee oax ao copoy oe ypca py.
p ocyececa ypcooaep cpey, o o yoeopeo acao oooe oeco aoo oy ypcy.
2. Ayoaae co capooo yp. peypoae cpoca peoe pocxo peeax pa ey cpoco poee. B oe, oa cpoc peoee ypaoeac pap ey ee a poooo, pocxo c, p . Bce opee ce a aee cy coepac o acpoaoy ypcy.
oce ca ypc cpay e ca a aoo aa. pa opay oepay ya cpeeo ypca poaa oyae .
8. Pecpa oepa o ye-poae. Bce oepa yaco po o ye-pae ocpao a eeeeo peppy a ao pe c yaae:
    oeo oy poa ocpao a (c eee oepa, poox a co c o opye e);
    oeo poa ocpao a co ceax ce;
    aoo ypca o ae ea;
    e, ocyecx oyy poay opao a;
    ee oy ea opao .
Oao cey oe, coaco aooaey P aa opa o yacax po e oepeco ao oa .
9. Paceo cea.oce ooapex poaee ceoop pe ceea, ecy ooopa. O ca yx epax, oca ypco aepo yaa pa. Pace yao po o cea, ae a ao pe, ocyec a ocoa pex cec, cooec c ycaoe opo pace o pe oepa c ocpao a, opee:
1) a, op opaeca yacopoyacye paceax;
2) cpo ocyeepaceoea;
3) eeoyacopo aopaapyee opa cpoa poee . [5, . 101]
    1.

2.2.1 ()


peoaee pep oepecaa paa poeeax oepa eyapox pacepeoao coa ypeo eaocoo aoo pa. oy 1991 . oca CCCP (oee epa a Pocc, a e a Pocc) opaoa ooe pyypoe opaeee ep poee eaocx ax oepa ( aa pa). B 1992 . epec aeeo pa ypeeo pa, a ae paca CCCP opeoa ee cayca ao p. opaee epaoo aa Pocc o pepaac oeaoay opy opaa eaocoo aoo pa (Mococa eaoca aa pa MMB).
MMB eayc aoepoo oeca apoo a. Ha oe opaaee yca aacoca 249 ..pe MMBpece a: 30 eyx ao (ceepaa Pocc, Cepa P), e acoe oa, Accoa Pocccx ao paeco . [18]
B e MMBoyp apye acoe ypee (oa), opeee a coepee ax oepa,oyey cooe c ecy Poccco eepa aooaeco e eee e a 6 ece o oa ae o pee e MMB.
e aop :
- co ooeyppex opax oye;
- peepeoo coa pe, peaepyx eeoc yaco po MMB;
- copo oae o cea, ae MMB;
- eeo ypoea ceooax eeocoa aoooooaaca;
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