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Работа № 123675


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Контрольная The University of Cambridge

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Тип работы: Контрольная. Предмет: Ин. языки. Добавлен: 11.12.2020. Год: 2020. Страниц: 17. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА

ПО ДИСЦИПЛИНЕ Иностранный язык
НАПРАВЛЕНИЕ ПОДГОТОВКИ /СПЕЦИАЛЬНОСТЬ 38.05.01 «Экономическая безопасность»


Челябинск, 2020 г.
Содержание

The University of Cambridge………………………………………………..3
Oxford University…………………………………………………………...6
The open University……………………………………………………...….9
University College London………………………………………….……..12
Список использованной литературы……………………………….……16


British higher education is highly valued around the globe for its quality and academic standards. Britain is a home to some of the worlds most prominent institutions of higher learning such as the University of Cambridge, Oxford University, The Open University and University college London that consistently rank among the worlds top three universities.

The University of Cambridge

University of Cambridge is one of the worlds oldest and most prestigious academic institutions. Dating back some 800 years to 1209, Cambridge boasts more than 100 academic departments and several world-class research centers that have produced more than 80 Nobel Prize winners. The university is a home to more than 16,000 students enrolled in some 30 colleges, each of which acts as an independent institution. Teaching responsibilities are shared between the colleges and university departments; degrees are awarded by the university. Its alumni have included such prominent notables as Sir Isaac Newton, Charles Darwin, and Stephen Hawking.
Academically, Cambridge is consistently ranked in the worlds top 5 universities. It has traditionally been an academic institution of choice of the Royal Family (King Edward VII, King George VI and Prince Charles were all undergraduates) and has produced 82 Nobel Laureates to date, more than any other university according to some counts.
Cambridge is a collegiate university, meaning that it is made up of self-governing and independent colleges, each with its own property and income. Most colleges bring together academics and students from a broad range of disciplines, and within each faculty, school or department within the university, academics from many different colleges will be found.
All students and many of the academics are attached to colleges, where they live, eat and socialise. It is also the place where students may receive their small group teaching sessions, known as supervisions. Each college appoints its own teaching staff and fellows in each subject; decides which students to admit, in accordance with University regulations; provides small group teaching sessions, for undergraduates (though lectures are arranged and degrees are awarded by the university); and is responsible for the domestic arrangements and welfare of its own undergraduates, graduates, post-doctoral researchers, and staff in general.
The University of Cambridge currently has 31 colleges, of which three admit only women (Murray Edwards, Newnham and Lucy Cavendish). The remaining 28 are now mixed, though most were originally all-male. Magdalene was the last all-male college to begin admitting women in 1988. Two colleges admit only postgraduates (Clare Hall and Darwin), and four more admit mature students (i.e. 21 years or older on date of matriculation) or graduate students (Hughes Hall, Lucy Cavendish, St Edmund’s and Wolfson). The other 25 colleges admit both undergraduate and postgraduate students. Colleges are not required to admit students in all subjects, with some colleges choosing not to offer subjects such as architecture or history of art, but most offer close to the complete range. Some colleges maintain a bias towards certain subjects, for example with Churchill leaning towards the sciences and engineering, while others such as St Catharines College aim for a balanced intake. Costs to students (accommodation and food prices) vary considerably from college to college.[citation needed] Others maintain much more informal reputations, such as for the students of Kings College to hold left-wing and Liberal political views, or Robinson Colleges attempts to minimise its environmental impact.
Teaching and research in Cambridge is organized by Faculties. The Faculties have different organizational sub-structures which partly reflect their history and partly their operational needs, which may include a number of Departments and other institutions. In addition, a small number of bodies entitled Syndicates have responsibilities for teaching and research, exercising powers similar in effect to those of Faculty Boards. Examples are Cambridge Assessment, the University Press, and the University Library.
Cambridge demand outstanding talents in its students, yet they are no longer an exclusive preserve of the social elite. Today over 60 per cent of its students arrive from state–funded schools. Nevertheless, although now open to all according to intellectual ability, Cambridge together with the public school system creates a narrow social and intellectual channel from which the nation’s leaders are almost exclusively drawn.
A number of great men, well-known scientists and writers studied at Cambridge. Among them are: Erasmus, the great Dutch scholar. Bacon, the philosopher, Milton and Byron, the poets, Cromwell, the soldier, Newton and Darwin, the scientists.
Cambridge University has also research departments and teaching faculties in most academic disciplines. Cambridge tends to have a slight bias towards scientific subjects, but it also has a number of strong humanities and social science faculties. All research and lectures are conducted by University Departments. The colleges are in charge of giving or arranging most supervision, student accommodation, and funding most extracurricular activities. During the 1990s Cambridge added a substantial number of new specialist research laboratories on several University sites around the city, and major expansion continues on a number of sites.
What concerns teaching, the principal method at Cambridge colleges is the supervision. These are typically weekly hour-long sessions in which small groups of students - usually between one and three - meet with a member of the universitys teaching staff or a doctoral student. Students are normally required to complete an essay or assignment in advance of the supervision, which they will discuss with the supervisor during the session, along with any concerns or difficulties they have had with the material presented in that weeks lectures. Lectures at Cambridge are often described as being almost a mere bolt-on to these supervisions. Students typically receive two or three supervisions per week. This pedagogical system is often cited as being unique to Cambridge and Oxford (where “supervisions” are known as “tutorials”)
The university is also closely linked with the development of the high-tech business cluster in and around Cambridge, which forms the area known as Silicon Fen or sometimes the “Cambridge Phenomenon”. In 2004, it was reported that Silicon Fen was the second largest venture capital market in the world, after Silicon Valley.

Oxford University...


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