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учебное пособие Проведение работы с видеоматериалами об особенностях архитектурного стиля Великобритании (осмотр замков Тинтажель, Скотсей, Кенвуд, Осборн, Стоунхендж) с целью совершенствования умений аудирования и неподготовленной устной речи на иностранном языке.

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Тип работы: учебное пособие. Предмет: Ин. языки. Добавлен: 16.04.2010. Сдан: 2010. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: --.

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Кафедра профессиональной иноязычной подготовки
УЧЕБНО-МЕТОДИЧЕСКОЕ ПОСОБИЕ
ДИСЦИПЛИНА: Практика устной и письменной английской речи (V курс)
ТЕМА: Культура и искусство стран изучаемого языка
РАЗДЕЛ: Архитектура Великобритании
ЧАСЫ: 20 часов
ОГЛАВЛЕНИЕ
Пояснительная записка
Содержание УМП
1. Цель и задачи изучения раздела
2. Учебно-методический блок: серия заданий на основе видеоматериала
3. Учебно-исследовательский блок: вопросы для самостоятельного изучения с помощью дополнительной литературы, тематика мини-исследований по теме
4. Информационный блок: дикторские тексты видеофильма
5. Приложения: комментарии к дикторским текстам
ПОЯСНИТЕЛЬНАЯ ЗАПИСКА
Изучение культурного наследия стран изучаемого языка, в особенности такого вида искусства, как архитектура, должно проходить в нестандартной форме. Предлагаемый аутентичный видеоматериал предназначен для изучающий английский язык как иностранный. Он представляет собой блок страноведческой информации, которая раскрывается на фоне запоминающихся зрительных образов. Все это усиливает эмоциональное воздействие на студентов, открывает дополнительные возможности пополнения знаний и формирования профессионально значимых умений.
Видеофильм "The Spirit of Britain" (Дух Британии) дает возможность организовать серию занятий по практике устной и письменной английской речи, основной практической целью которых выступает совершенствование умений аудирования и неподготовленной устной речи. Работа с видеоматериалами носит интегрированный характер, так как предполагает привлечение и использование знаний и умений, полученных студентами при изучении таких дисциплин, как страноведение, литература Англии, стилистика.
СОДЕРЖАНИЕ УМП
1. . ЦЕЛЬ И ЗАДАЧИ ИЗУЧЕНИЯ РАЗДЕЛА
· Практическая цель - дальнейшее совершенствование навыков аудирования и развитие умений неподготовленной устной речи на изучаемом иностранном языке.
· Развивающая цель - комплексное совершенствование умений восприятия фактов иноязычной культуры.
· Воспитательная цель - углубление понимания значения архитектуры как одного из видов искусства.
· Образовательная цель - расширение знаний студентов об истории и культуре Великобритании.
ЗАДАЧИ изучения раздела:
· дать представление о различных архитектурных стилях, известных в строительном искусстве Великобритании;
· научить узнавать архитектурные особенности, характерные для британских памятников архитектуры;
· развивать умения восприятия и обобщения страноведческой информации, сравнения и сопоставления ее с фоновыми знаниями о родной культуре.
2. УЧЕБНО-МЕТОДИЧЕСКИЙ БЛОК: серия заданий на основе видео
STOKESAY CASTLE (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. No doubt you've read some novels where the action is set in the Middle Ages. What do you think a medieval castle looks like? Share your views.
1.2. Can you guess what these word combinations mean?
- a manor house - a gate house
- a parish church - an architectural gem
1.3. Study these new words that will help you understand the video better.
- a huddle - woodworks
- a recess - elaborate
- opulence
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. While watching the video try to concentrate on finding the answers to the following questions:
a) What purpose was Stokesay Castle built for?
b) Is the emphasis in Stokesay on comfort rather than on defense ?
c) Does Stokesay have the right to be called an architectural gem? Share you views.
2.2. Try to single out one of Stokesay nooks that caught your fancy, give the reasons why.
2.3. Complete the following according to the information on video.
Stokesay is the most _____________ early fortified manor house in England.
This unique castle is ____________ hundred years old.
The castle has been under _____________________ program recently.
The only really-fortified part of the castle is ____________________.
What is remarkable about Stokesay is that _____________________.
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. Think of your very own answers to the following:
a) Would you prefer to live in Stokesay?
b) There is a proverb: "An Englishman's house is his castle" Does Stokesay prove this?
c) A parallel can be drawn between Stokesay Castle and one architectural relic in Belarus. Can you name this structure? Can you come up with its detailed description?
3.2. Read the description of a medieval castle taken from the book "Catherine, Called Birdy" by Karen Cushman, paying attention to all the details. Can you feel the atmosphere of the epoch?
"…Clattering over the moat bridge, we passed through the main gate into the castle yard. The castle seemed like a small stone city. Huddled against the great curtain wall with its stone towers were buildings of all sizes - a slope-roofed storage shed, a kitchen with a chimney like a church steeple, the great hall, a brewhouse, thatched, barns and stables, a piggery, a smithy, and the chapel.
The yard teemed with sights and sounds. Great snorting horses coming or going just milling around stirred the rain and snow dirt into a great muddy slop. Peasants held wiggling, squawking ducks and chickens by their feet, shaking them in the face of anyone who might buy. Laundresses stirred great vats of dirty clothes in soapy water like cooks brewing up some gown-and-breeches stew. Bakers ran back and forth from the ovens at the side of the yard to kitchen with great baskets of steamy fresh bread. Masons chipped stones and mixed mortar as they continued their everlasting repairs. Everywhere children tumbled over each other and everyone else, stealing bread, chasing dogs, splashing and slopping through the mud.
As we drew near to the great hall, the smells overpowered even the noise - the sour smell of the sick, the poor, and the old who crowded about the door, waiting for scraps of food or linen, the rotten sweet smell of the garbage and soiled rushes piled outside the kitchen door, and above all the smell of crisping fat and boiling meat and the hundreds of spices and herbs and honeys and wines that together make a castle dinner".
Does Stokesay correspond to your idea of a medieval castle? Explain, please.
3.3. There is a proverb: "An Englishman's house is his castle". Stokesay seems to be the very proof of this. Do you agree? Why (not)?
KENWOOD (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. There have always been castles and mansions famous not only as architectural gems but also as frames for renowned art collections. Could you recollect the names of just a few of such places?
1.2. You'll have a chance to see the portrait of a Lady Hamilton. Does her name ring a bell? Share your ideas with your groupmates, or be prepared to dig for more information after class.
1.3. Study the following words and make sure you understand their meaning:
- a crest - grandeur/grandiose
- to bequeath/bequest - an array
- in one's own right - to dazzle
- ornate - wayward
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Answer the question: where does the secret of Kenwood's magic and popularity lie?
2.2.Mark the sequence in which the following items appeared in the video:
_______Henry Moore's sculptures
_______the library
_______circular balustrade
_______the Guitar Player
_______Portrait of the artist
_______Sham bridge
_______mirrored recess,
_______Madonna and Child
2.3. Make sure you understood everything correctly. Study the brief description below and say what is not in accordance with the narration in it.
Rembrandt's Portrait of an Artist is one of the least famous of his paintings. Dated from four years before his death it reflects all the despair of an aging painter. Yet this tragic figure still seems heroic, though aware of the fact that his glorious days are long gone.
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1. Some names of the painters mentioned in the video definitely ring a bell. Point them out and present some information concerning their life and creative activity.
2. Now watch the video sequence again and answer, what was so peculiar about Lord Ivy's taste concerning paintings.
3. Kenwood is a real treasure trove, isn't it? But there is something more than that. It reflects the personality of its owner; can you guess what Lord Ivy was like? Create his personality profile.
RIEVAULX ABBEY (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. You are going to see the remains of the first ever Cistercian monastery in England. Do you happen to know anything about the Cistercian order? If not ask Teacher for more information.
1.2. Make sure you know these words; that will facilitate your understanding:
- serenity - tumult
- to thrive - to abandon
1.3. Make a list of the numerous architectural terms mentioned in the video. They are typical of descriptions of major religious buildings, aren't they? Compare your list with the teacher's one:
- an arcade - a nave
- a buttress - a shrine
- an aisle - an altar
- a transept
II.WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. While you are watching the video, try to unveil the mystery: what drew people to this lonely and secluded spot?
2.2. Continue the statements based on the information.
- It was deliberately built by the monks ____________________________
- Architecturally, it's an example of _______________________________
- The nave is a good demonstration of the early belief in ______________
- The number of monks living here is estimated at ___________________
- The first Abbot, William, was entered in a shrine after ______________
2.3. Due to the peculiarity of natural conditions the canons of religious architecture were violated. Which of the traditions was violated and why?
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. Which of the adjectives can be attributed to the way of life the monks used to lead in the Abbey? Find as much proof in the video as you can to confirm your point of view.
Choose from: lonely, spiritual, far-away, abandoned, pious, elaborated, religious, creative, working, impractical, traditional, peaceful, serene, marvelous, free, tumultuous, wordly.
3.2. Now watch the video again and comment on the atmosphere that every visitor can't help feeling when inside the Abbey. Is that atmosphere felt as you watch the video?
3.3. These picturesque ruins could be used as a perfect setting for a movie based on - well, choose one of the three possibilities. Could the film be based on (1) an anti-utopian fantasy; (2) a gothic novel; (3) an international spy thriller? (4) sci-fi odyssey; (5) musical; (6) soapy melodrama; (7) historical romance.
Explain your choice, please.
BELSAY HALL (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1 Read a beautiful description of a 'room with a view' taken from Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca (1938). Say what the flowers add to the atmosphere of the place and why.
This was a woman's room, graceful, fragile, the room of someone who had chosen every particle of furniture with great care, so that each chair, each vase, each small, infinitesimal thing should be in harmony with one another, and with her own personality. It was as though she who had arranged this room had said: 'This I will have, and this, and this,' taking piece by piece (...) each object that pleased her best, ignoring the second-rate, the mediocre, laying her hand with sure certain instinct only upon the best. There was no intermingling of style, no confusing of period, and the result was perfection in a strange and startling way, not coldly formal like the drawing-room shown to the public, but vividly alive, having something of the same glow and brilliance that the rhododendrons had massed there, beneath the window. And I noticed then that the rhododendrons, not content with forming their theatre on the little lawn outside the window, had been permitted to the room itself. Their great warm faces looked down upon me from the mantelpiece, they floated in a bowl upon the table by the sofa, they stood, lean and graceful, on the writing-desk beside the golden candlesticks.
The room was filled with them, even the walls took colour from them, becoming rich and glowing in the morning sun. They were the only flowers in the room, and I wondered if there was some purpose in it, whether the room had been arranged originally with this one end in view, for nowhere else in the house did the rhododendrons obtrude. There were flowers in the dining-room, flowers in the library, but orderly and trim, rather in the background, not like this, not in profusion…
1.2. Many of the well-known plants have - well, if we may say so - English roots. Study several descriptions and guess the English names of the plants. (See Appendix 1 for more information.)
A. It is a plant grown for its striped leaves and blue, white, or pink flowers. It is also called spiderwort. The name comes from modern Latin, named for John Tradescant or his son. The name of the plant is________________.
В. It comes from Africa. It's a perennial plant that is widely cultivated for its showy flowers that are often unusual or irregular in shape. It was introduced in late 18th century and named for Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, queen of George III. It's called_______________________.
С It's commonly called wax plant or porcelain flower or wax vine. In fact, it is an Asian and Australian evergreen climbing plant or shrub that is related to milkweed and bears waxy white flowers. It was named after the English gardener Thomas Hoy. It's original name is_______________________.
1.3. A house of a person of means is often a mirror reflecting the image of the owner. Do you agree with the statement? Give a couple of examples to prove the above.
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Taking into account the indisputably original character of Belsay, we can suggest the idea of Sir Charles Monk's originality, can't we? Take a mental note of Sir Charles' views on life and love, on lakes and lawns.
2.2. Mark the sequence in which the following themes are discussed:
· Belsay gardens present a unique medley of local and tropical plants, that looks as natural as it can be;
· Belsay Hall attracts visitors by its architectural perfection making it one of the most magnificent estates in the Border Country;
· Belsay gardens are located in the former quarry, which supplies special microclimate;
· the original nucleus of the estate was Belsay Castle;
· the grounds are a perfect place for crochet;
· bewitched by the Greek arch style, Sir Charles Monk renovated his estate.
2.3. Explain the meaning of the words and expressions taken from the tape:
- the Border Country - a romantic tableau
- an eccentric - to be bewitched by
- a medley - to quarry
- a landscape architect - the feeling of utter seclusion
- features on the wail - sumptuous gardens
III.AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. Think of all the components that make Belsay Hall a harmoniously beautiful landmark of the Border Country. Which of them seems to you the most stunning one?
3.3. One author described a fabulous house surrounded by picturesque environs like "a jewel in a ring". This metaphor can be well-applied to Belsay Hall, cant it? Can you come up with some of your own metaphors to refer to Belsay Hall?
DOVER CASTLE (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1. In the video you will hear several outstanding historical figures mentioned. Some of them are: William the Conqueror, Sir Winston Churchill, QueenMother. Do you know anything about their role in history?
1.2.These words will help you to grasp the narrator's speech better:
- astride - a sweeping view
- a rampart - a siege
- a keep - a stronghold
II.WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Try to catch the names of two more famous Britons mentioned in the narration. Both were military leaders. Their names are…Can you say anything about their role in the history of Britain? Which of them appeals to you more and why? Don't hesitate to defend your point of view.
2.2. Give answers to the following questions:
a) Where and with what purpose was Dover Castle built?
b) What is its oldest surviving building? By the way, does the name ring a bell?
c) What can you say about Hubert De Burk and his contribution to the castle appearance and role?
d) The castle retained its strategic importance for centuries didn't it? Why was it put to military use during World War II?
e) What is so special and unique about Dover Castle?
2.3. Dover Castle is often referred to as the key to England. Pay special attention to the information who and when tried to use that "key".
2.4. The conclusion to the narration is that Dover Castle is the most important coastal defense work in Europe and probably one of Europe's best preserved strategic strongholds. Take note of the facts to prove that.
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1.Watch the video again and find detailed information for the following:
a) Dover Castle in Early Britain;
b) Dover Castle in the Middle Ages;
c) Dover Castle in the 19th century;
d) Dover Castle during World War II and in the period of the so-called nuclear threat.
TINTAGEL CASTLE (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. Some architectural relics owe their fame to myths or legends. Could you recall but a few of such places located anywhere in the world.
1.2. Comment on the following passage from Thomas Malory's Death of Arthur. "Yet many men say in many parts of England that King Arthur is not dead, but had by the will of Our Lord Jesus into another place; and many men say that he shall come again, and he shall win the holy cross. I will not say that it shall be so, rather I will say that here in this world he changed his life. But many men say that there is written upon his tomb this verse: HIC IACET ARTHURUS, REX QUONDAM REXQUE FUTURUS. (Here lies Arthur, the once and future king.)" What does this text imply?
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Two enigmatic personalities are mentioned in the video. Try to catch their names and try to recall where and when you might have come across the information about them. Are they just mere names or more than that?
2.2.These words will help you understand the narrator's speech better. Make sure you understand them well.
- to jut out - an enigma
- a causeway - obscure
- to foster(somebody)
2.3. Complete the following statements according to the narration.
Tintagel Castle is a place without _________________on the British Isles.
The building site must have been a former ________________________.
The evidence is that it could have been the stronghold of ____________.
Legend has it that it was in Merlin's cave that _____________________.
Tintagel's fame is based not on fact but on ________________________.
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. Fact and fiction are intertwined in Tintagel Mythology. Separate fact from fiction with the help of the following chart.
Fact
Fiction
3.2. So what is it that draws crowds of curious tourists to this enigmatic place: historic facts or legends? Try to argue your point.
3.3. If you ever made up your mind to go to Tintagel, what would be your primary reason to do so? Explain your point of view.
3.4. Use the information in Appendix 3 to tell a magical Tale of Tintagel.
AUDLEY END (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. There are some mansions and palaces that simply compel us to describe them in such terms as "magnificent", "opulent", etc. Could you name several places with such excellent characteristics?
1.2. Biblical themes and allusions are many in any form of art. Architecture and painting are no exception. What do know about the Last Supper. Why are so many works of art dedicated to this mythological meal?
1.3. Read the information below about an outstanding English landscape gardener. He is better known under his assumed name. Identify this name, which is a very unexpected one, by the way, while listening to the narration.
Lancelot Brown (1715-1783) is an English landscape gardener who codified and popularized the principles of "English", or "natural", landscape gardening. Building on the work of his predecessor William Kent, he rejected the geometric formality of the reigning French style in favor of more informal designs based on sweeping curves and natural groupings of trees and lawns. His landscapes often included artificially made but natural-looking lakes and watercourses. He landscaped more than 100 estates. Under his influence, the English style spread throughout Europe.
1.4. These word-combinations may come appear very handy while watching the video:
- the cream of the collection
- to complement something
- a huge undertaking
- to take pride of place
- a treasure trove
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. While watching the video try to remember all the British monarchs whose names are connected with Audley End. Can you give any details concerning that connection?
2.2. Complete the sentences:
1) Originally Audley End was so magnificent that...
2) Audley End is distinguished by ...
3) At this or that time of its long history Audley End was linked with...
4) …adds to its splendor
5) Different elements like the Tea Houses Bridge, etc were added to.
6) The family accommodation was ... while the first floor was distinguished for....
7) Nowadays Audley End is one third of its..., but... nonetheless.
III. AFTER-WATCHING 'ACTIVITIES
3.1. Explain the meaning of these names and terms used in the narration.
· Lord-treasurer
· East Anglia
· Jacobine
· Venice
· Dodges' Palace
· St Mark
· Christie's
· Carpenter's Gothic
STONEHENGE (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. Naturally, you must have heard a lot or at least something about Stonehenge. What period do you think it belongs to: (1) Anglo-Saxon; (2) Celtic; (3) Roman; (4) Norman' Share your knowledge with others.
1.2. These words will help you comprehend the method that was used by prehistoric engineers while constructing Stonehenge:
- sandstone - bluestone
- a sarsen - a lintel
- mortise and tenon joints
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Some of the stones that comprise Stonehenge bear names. Try to memorise them and think what could have given rise to this or that name.
2.2. Find out what exactly makes Stonehenge so unusual in terms of architectural design.
2.3. Complete the sentences below and then arrange them in the order they
appeared in the video:
a) Exactly why and how Stonehenge was built and...
b) 3500 years ago this was a temple made...
c) The original entrance was marked...
d) This astonishing construction is...
e) The stones were held together by...
f) At the focus of a central bluestone horseshoe is...
e) The "heel"stone is the one over which...
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. While watching the video try to find the clues that could prompt an inquisitive mind a somewhat different version of Stonehenge's original designation.
3.2. Read through the information below and explain why the mystery of Stonehenge will never cease to captivate our imagination.
Why Stonehenge was constructed remains
3.3. Can you offer your own version what exactly Stonehenge was used for? Exchange your versions with your groupmates and find the most plausible one.
3.4. Now that you've seen the place live, share your ideas about what exactly Tess of the d'Urbervilles might have felt when she got to Stonehenge on that fateful night.
BATTLE ABBEY (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
1.1. October 14,1066. Does that date ring a bell? What history-making event took place then? What do you know about King Harold or about William the Conqueror?
1.2. These words might prove helpful in understanding the narration.
- to atone (for)
- a cloister
- a brazier
- a novice
1.3. While watching the video try to concentrate on some helpful clues that can give a hint at what kind of man William the Conqueror could have been. Charles Dickens in "A Child's History of England" wrote, "O Conqueror! Of whom so many great names are proud now, of whom so many great names thought nothing then, it were better to have conquered one true heart than England!" Explain why the great novelist said so.
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Complete the following sentences and arrange them in the order they appear on the tape:
a) The monks lived in this huge building which...
b) The altar of this church should be here, where...
c) The charter house was the place...
d) It remains one of the finest...
e) William ordered the building of an abbey on the...
f) There were alterations and...
g) Much of the abbots great hall has survived and now...
2.2. What has become of the Abbey in later centuries? Is there any irony in the fact? Please, be prepared to explain your point of view.
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. The narrator calls the abbey a fitting tribute to a moment and a battle that changed the course of English history. Explain why.
3.2. The idea of atonement has always seemed very attractive. Can you recall any other structure(s) built with the same idea in mind?
3.3. Research the history of some famous British Abbeys (you may start with Westminster Abbey) and present your findings in class.
OSBORNE HOUSE (2 часа)
I. PRE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
l.l. Queen Victoria is definitely one of the most renowned and revered among British monarchs. What do you know about the Victorian Age (1837--1901)? Why was that time often compared, and not unfavorably, with the Elizabethan Age?
1.2. Pay attention to the following words that will prove to be helpful.
- ornate - tranquil - rigour
- conceive - submit - centerpiece
1.3. Explain the meaning of the following word-combinations.
- an idyllic retreat - pride of place
- dominate the eye - all walks of life
II. WHILE-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
2.1. Osborne house was above all a family vacation home. Take note of as many facts as you can that prove this.
2.2. Mark the sequence in which the following items appear in the video:
a) the Peacock Column e) the marble-top table
b) the bathing machine f) Albert's posthumous mask
c) the hand-operated lift g) the marble-winged Victory
d) marble copies of limbs h) the ornate billiards table
III. AFTER-WATCHING ACTIVITIES
3.1. Could one call Queen Victoria an enlightened monarch who strove to know her subjects better? Are there any arguments for or against this in the video?
3.2. London is rich in landmarks connected with Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and their love for each other. Can you recall a few?
3. УЧЕБНО-ИССЛЕДОВАТЕЛЬСКИЙ БЛОК: вопросы для самостоятельного изучения с помощью дополнительной литературы, тематика мини-исследования по теме
STOKESAY CASTLE
3.1. A parallel can be drawn between Stokesay Castle and one architectural relic in Belarus. Can you name this structure? Can you come up with its detailed description?
3.2. Scan the pages of historical /fantasy novel and find a detailed description of a castle. Translate it into English and present it to your group (with the original, if possible).
KENWOOD
3.3. Some names of the painters mentioned in the story definitely ring a bell. Point them out and present some information concerning their life and creative activity.
3.4. Scan the pages of historical novels, reference books and encyclopedias and prepare a mini-report on the Rumyantsev- Paskevich Palace in Gomel. Pay special attention to the personality of its creator.
3.5. Henry Moore's sculptures are famous all over the world. What do you know about the artist? Prepare a mini-report on his life and work.
3.6. Art on display in Kenwood grounds can hardly be called classical. What is your opinion of abstract art - is it a sign of changing times or changing mentality? Does any of the names seem familiar? (if not, some research is in store for you)
RIEVAULX ABBEY
3.7. Prepare a mini-report on ancient specimen of Belorussian religious architecture (you may start with Kalozha Church in Grodno).
BELSAY HALL
3.8. Study Appendix 1 and prepare a report on your favourite house plants.
TINTAGEL CASTLE
3.9. Study Appendix 2 and prepare a report on King Arthur's early life.
3.10. Now try to prepare a similar chart about one the many ancient architectural relics situated on Belarusian soil.
AUDLEY END
3.11. Conduct a research on the Dodges' Palace in Venice, Italy that inspired so many great masters, Canaletto included.
3.12. Audley End is but one place out of many on the British roil connected with the names of Royalty.
Make mini-research about one of such places and present your findings to the group.
STONEHENGE
3.13. Remember where famous commemorative stones are placed on Belarusian soil. What names or events are associated with them? Prepare a mini-report on each.
BATTLE ABBEY
3.14. Prepare a narration to accompany a tour of British school students to the Brest Fortress.
OSBORNE HOUSE
3.15. Reread the famous ballad Recessional (1897) by Rudyard Kipling and add a new dimension to your commentary on it.
3.16. Rudyard Kipling's father, Lochwood Kipling, made designs for part of hors d'ouevre's room. Do you think the designer's son took great pride in the fact? Do you think it could have shaped Kipling's attitude towards the great concept of the Empire where the sun never set?
4. ИНФОРМАЦИОННЫЙ БЛОК: дикторские тексты видеофильма
STOKESAY CASTLE
Not far from the border with Wales stands the ancient market town of Lladllow which grew up on the banks of the river Teem. In the late 13th century the leading wool-merchant of his day Lawrence of Lladllow decided to build a new home a few miles north of the town at the head of a narrow valley that runs to the midst of the Shropshire hills. The result is the most perfectly preserved early fortified manor house in England.
This is an extraordinary picturesque huddle of castle, parish church and gate house, quite simply, an architectural gem.
Built at the time of newly established peace on the Welsh borders, Stokesay took advantage of the first chance in centuries to create a community that had more a domestic atmosphere than a military one. It gives a unique glimpse into how a rich merchant would have lived seven hundred years ago.
The core of the house is the great hall, a vast room where an entire household would have eaten together including guests and servants as well as the family. The six large windows were glazed in the top half but only shuttered in the low half. The magnificent timber roof, recently restored as a part of extensive renovation program at Stokesay, is supported by huge curved pieces of wood standing on stone core walls. At the north end a very rare example of the surviving medieval staircase supported by large timber brackets built into the walls and made up of solid timber treads cut from whole tree trunks.
The stairs lead to the north tower where a spacious second floor apartment provided extra accommodation for family or guests. The arched recess would probably have held a lamp. Beside it is fine example of the late 13th century decorated fireplace, on the floor medieval clay tiles, some of which still show traces of decoration. The roofs on the north and west walls are timber framed and by projecting out of the outer wall give considerably more floor space.
On the other side of the great hall is the solar block, a three-storeyed unit where principal members of the family would live. The rooms were updated in the middle of the 17th century with Jacobine paneled woodwork, a sure sign of opulence and decorated with grotesque carved figures based on Flemish design.
This was a place of privacy, of intimacy in which to work or entertain as well as keeping an eye on what was going on down in the great hall.
The only really-fortified part of the house is the south tower built on a perfectly geometrical base. It has a battlement parapet with arrow loops.
Although the windows are narrow, the wide splays increase their light; the emphasis, again, is on comfort rather than defense.
The original stone gate house was replaced in the 17th century by a timber framed building. Its highly decorated elaborate interior is typical of the region and is similar to the gate house in Shropshire nearby, which was built in 1620.
What is remarkable about Stokesay is not so much that it has survived in such good condition, but rather after centuries of neglect and a civil war which destroyed so many other manor houses of its type that it has survived at all.
KENWOOD
It's a perfect setting. On the crest of Hamstead Heath commanding a superb view over London in a midst of spectacularly beautifuly landscape is a house which contains one of the finest collections of paintings in Britain...
Kenwood and its renowned art collection was bequeathed to the nation in 1927 by Edward Guinness, first Earl of Ivy. It's known as the Ivy bequest the original house dating from the 17th century was remodeled by Robert Adam, the leading architect and interior designer of his day in the 1760 - 70's. Many of the rooms in Kenwood stand as works of art in their own right. In Adam's new wing is one of the most impressive late 18th century interiors to be found anywhere in the country. The library or great room, considered by many to be Robert Adam's finest room, this is a shining example of neo-classical style that Adam made so fashionable in the late 18th century.
The eminent Venetian painter Antonio Zucci, husband of Angelica Kaufmann, whose paintings can also be found in Kenwood was chosen to paint the finely ornate ceilings.
Mirrored recesses were designed to reflect the fine prospects through the opposite windows. Balancing the room they provided an alternative to windows; they could only have had a rather grandiose view on kitchen garden.
Later, new rooms were designed by George Sonders who was heavily influenced by Henry Holland's modifications to Carlton House in Pall Mall. The striking similar circular balustrade here in the dining room lobby recalled Carlton's octagone vestibule.
But it's in the dining room that one comes across the finest of Kenwood's paintings. Here are the richest of the old masters' work from Lord Ivy's bequest. This is one of the most famous paintings in the world - Rembrandt's "Portrait of an Artist". Dated from four years before his death it has all the grandeur of an autobiography presented to posterity. Employed by his son to avoid creditors and living off his daughter's savings this tragic figure still seems heroic, confident of his genius. A fine painting by Rubens of the Madonna and Child and St Joseph, the child Jesus like an infant Hercules with a halo of golden hair. Lord Mainsfield's dressing room offers still more beautiful paintings by great artists like Gainsborough. Lord Ivy gathered together in his collection of paintings a dazzling array of beautiful women/Gainsborough's portrait of Mary, Countess How, is perhaps the most striking image in the Kenwood collection. In one of the Gainsborough's most admired works his seemingly casual swirls of paint create the impression of the most ornate lace. There is also "Lady Hamilton of the spinning wheel", Lord Nelson's rather wayward future mistress by Romney.
The art on display at Kenwood is not merely restricted to paint on the canvas. Robert Adam described the grounds as amazingly gay, beautiful, magnificent and picturesque. On the eastern end of a 1000 pound pond, so called because it cost 1000 pounds to make in the 1790's is the Sham Bridge, only inches wide. Here too is eye catching art of a different era - sculptures by Henry Moore and other modern sculptors.
In his bequest Lord Ivy also insisted that his fabulous art collection and magnificent landscape that surrounds it must remain open to the public free of charge. No wonder Kenwood remains one of the most popular as one of the most beautiful places in the whole of London.
и т.д.................


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