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Статья The most important centers of the Belarusian national revival. Development of public libraries in Byelorussia. Value Hlebtsevicha as a great researcher of library science, his contribution to development of network of free libraries in Byelorussia.


Тип работы: Статья. Предмет: История. Добавлен: 19.05.2010. Сдан: 2010. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: --.

Описание (план):

Eugene Hlebtsevich and the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus in the early twentieth century in the context of socio-political and cultural processes of the time

In the early twentieth-century in Czarist Russia, as well as on its national border regions, including in Belarus (the so-called North-West province), there was a series of democratic processes. There was a massive struggle for social emancipation, which resulted in the Revolution 1905 - 1907 period, resulting from the tsarist monarchy was forced to transform itself into a constitutional (launched Duma). On the outskirts of the national struggle for social emancipation and reinforced by a battle for national interests. Tsarist government to make certain concessions. So, December 25, 1904 was repealed a ban on the Belarusian word in print, which operated since 1867. They began to legally leave their native language Belarusian books, newspapers and magazines. Intensified theatrical musical life. Unequivocal national coloring acquired paintings. In general, this was the period of the Belarusian national revival. On the cultural-historical arena there are such giants as Yanka Kupala and Yakub Kolas in the literature, Ihnat Bujnicki in the theatrical sphere, Euthymios Kars in philology and bibliography, Eugene Hlebtsevich in Librarianship. In 1902, he formed the first Belarusian National Party AAH (Belarusian Socialist Gromada) - Leading party of students, officials and writers. In 1903, delegates of the Congress I took AAH program aimed at achieving autonomy of Belarus. In 1906 at the II Congress of the AAH thesis autonomy was deepened and assigned, supplemented by the idea of convening the Diet. The most important centers of the Belarusian national revival were then Vilna, Minsk, Grodno and Petersburg, which uchilos many young people from Belarus, especially in the Grodno region.

In the wake of the national liberation movement arose Belarusian scientific-literary circle of students of St. Petersburg University. Members of the circle, and the first known later library activist Eugene Hlebtsevich, who initiated the establishment of free public libraries in Belarus. As the historian of librarianship MI Bye, "was created 11 public libraries: nine in the Grodno province and two in Minsk. They distributed literature among the residents of more than 100 villages "[1, pp. 55]. The basis of these libraries were progressive book publisher FF Pavlenkov. Brother Eugene Hlebtsevicha Vladimir wrote that "a well-known publisher Pavlenkov donated as a bequest capital on the device of public libraries" [2, pp. 139]. Active participation in the selection of literature for public libraries and their supply has democratic intelligentsia of Belarus. For example, Yanka Kupala, who was at that time in St. Petersburg, ensure people's library of publications of Belarusian publishing house "Look sonce і ® our akontsa. Members of the Belarusian scientific and literary circles of St. Petersburg University bustled about getting books from publishers "Knowledge", "mediator" and others, organized evenings and concerts, part of the collection of which was to purchase books for public libraries. At the request of members of the group Petersburg Academy of Sciences as an exception to free allocated libraries works of Russian classical literature, sent their books Tolstoy, Gorky, Serafimovich. Due to public libraries Belarusian peasants first opportunity to get acquainted with the works of their national writers Yanka Kupala, Yakub Kolas, aunts, F. Bahuљeviи and others, with the first Belarusian newspaper "Our share" and "Nasha Niva".

The idea of free public libraries, the desire to make the book accessible to the masses organically fit into the socialist ideology, which had been committed and Eugene Hlebtsevich, an active worker masses. At the invitation of aunts, he took part in the II Congress of AAH [3, pp. 194, 4, и т.д.................

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