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peece epa, ococe ap oo ac, pooaa oopo () ce a ococ peco e oocoy aea, a ceapooy pa, oeo, e o e ypaeo ocyapce oo co oy, a cope a eo ocyap pee ac. Ta ac ocpoa ocyapco coero acoo yea oa ya, o ocyapco ee cyecye, a e oa ocyapca, ooo oy a o cyecye xoa, a e aoopo.

paeoe pocxoee oo ac e oycao aoo yeoo a a ocyapco, cocaeo ocoy oecoro coa ocyape Kaa ee. Coopoe pae ao ap ooo oa ooe ocoae o xapaep x ac. ec coop poc Mxaa a apco, a e Mxa poc apco y ecoro coopa. Ceoaeo, ap eoxo ocyapca, xo ocyapco cyecye e ocyap, e eo oo cyecoa e oe. ee ac a oco ocyapceoo opa, cyo ooo, eax oro coa, cepaoc ce oecoe coepae o ocyape. Bac coe coe aaee, ec oo e eecye, eaco o aeca ec. Haaee ac pa, a pa -- a paa ca.

Bce o, epoo, ycoa ococe ap XVII ., ocoeo ao aoy ao oce ac, a ap Aece Mxao. Ho o cao aa ycoa ce o co oa, opyee coe ope eo epeoao oc p oax, caa o, cypox paax peax ypae, c epe apoo e oa eeo e ax-o ape accpcx.

To e aoeae ap Aece, oe , coaa oocopo ocaoy coe ac, o y ero eocaao c poc co aoyc ea oo oyay ero oy ycox o opoce, o payeo oaa apoy pyry, oopoy copoy ac. o ao ococx ocyape XVII . oo paceo-ocaeoo a ypaeoe oeco, oopoe cocae yee aaee cee aeco ac. Co opao pae, yca, ae o ya ypae, o aeo cpoa x oeee, cooa eoopy apyy epy, o cao cra x pa ee caee poc x oece oecee o.

eeoc epa Beoro epe po poc eo apoo-ocaee coca ac, ea aeo epae aco coce oacae ero peeceax. Tpyo caa, o a copo a ype poecco c yaoc epy epeepy cee oecoe coae ococoro ocyap ao ao; oo o cocae epxoo ac ceo cee o ocoeo o oycoa oeca, oaoc ap, oope coc, ero coa, y eoxo ea pae: pacnopy, ypeey aroycpocy, oopoe, ee eoacoc ocyapca. o coco ao omeecma, oee ao poo e, pyccoo apoa ocyapca--o, oope ep ea e ep y ac yco paa co ce coc epx, pocex oco oeceoro opa.

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1. 1

. : (1648 -- 1669), -- ( 1671 .). 13 . , . : , , , . , . , . , . 1672 . 30 , . , -,. .

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ocaa o e Apaoa Maeea, cpee poca, yoo acapex pepaccyo, oa e oapyae coe capoepeco paoc ycaa oocpo ee ce c e cooo, oeo, e e coac e e coyc coeo cypya. Ha epo e ao-o opeceo ee ocpe apoa oa "ecoo opae oo ape"... Ce ocyo poe cyee x: e o ac aoy oy. Koa e oc , , , o e aoo. Bcope oa opece e Tpoe 1675 ye apee "opo" pe pcyc oco, o e pe oa e o pa eae oocoe op oo apee c ape, cao ye epeeo opo apee cao pyooee ax oro ec ca e ocyap. ae, cpa co e, oa pae o ce opco, eo e ao, paae cocex py ee po, eo ae o pee e ooc.

ap o, xo, oe, ecoaeo, cpec eoe "aa aec", , cpae eo apy; , o ce epeoo eoe coeo eoo ca, epeoo eoe eo peop, ao ay cpec eco peeo ycpo opoe oo.[3]

pace eao oaeo ypoca oepoco y o ycpoco, o oo opaaee oacp, y peepycc o o ooe o, aoee pac aoy eay. ay apa a, ocoeo a apee, oeo, ee oe cococoa oope x xopoax oacpco . Mouma uocm -- o cea, ecea ocoa cx o , pyooa e oo oe, o ce ocya oa ee eee. Keeoe, .e. oooe, epooe npauo o ocep, -- o e aaoc aoe, opeoe eeoe eo o . Cao coo payeec, o oa oc, a ocoe aaa ooyoo caceo , c eo, eoxooc o oeac oey coeo ea, .e. pa op o yyp pao o pecae, aa ococoaa oepoco y.

Ka e, ypo eepo, eeo coepaoc oooe npauo, o oo, ee ee y pecmo pecoo oeo oae, ya coe pe pxo cy a, oapxa e peco ce pecoe , 4 5 eoe. apa cyaa pao ooeo ocoo ycpoeo ece, copa a aa aao aeco, oop poac o oepe oa oe peco p o ee oee.

ae ceo epoo cop oae paoo oece o pacpocpaeo ecpaeo oe, e coe pyoe ae. cooyoc co ae epooo oaa ycaa, o a cea, ecea aya oo pee o caoe, o payee eep o coo opaoaocm. e cocpeooac, e ypac apac e oo pacee, a ooao, o ce ycee epec ea, a e oee y e, ayx cox epeax, ex yac ae c coo eax oecex. x-o cpee peoaa peyecy epec oacpc o cex eo opoocx.

Moee xo rocyap, pecae ocyapca, coo peyecy opa ceapoo o, oc cee cc oece, paa oy o ex eax ceo apoa, ceo apca. apca oa cacaa apco.

ap cyo cea paee aoec ceapooo; c ao epeooc ap coa ec py ceapox oe; ooo oe coepac a opeceo c apceo ocaoo, ao ooao oeyc apcy. Hapo oo, oe c ap cocpeooaac a opao ex eax coceo apco ce, a paee ypee, copoeo apcoo oa, oeaa aoec ao e ceeoo ocyapea a. ooy ooo xoa ap ypa peyecy co pe peae ocoeca ee oae ceeo .[3]

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, . , , , a po pec, oapa, oee eee opo, cop oacy ocoo paoc oy y yooc cao op.

Ta a capoy oe peey oa a oo npe o ope cea copooac oeo, o y ap e e a pa aac op oe co. ec o ax coax y ap aocc ae rocyapey pap ry, o pe, o ec, ey op, cpec a pope, oope e pao ( oa eo e oa) ac ey coo papa, payeec, cooeceo papo pooo c cox ye.

ooee , oa e o pax pyx x opecex coo, oope oa pa ocyp ea paey poa pyy opca cex pyx , o cea ya ece c ape. x o paya yoe opeca, a oopx ea ooe e pcycoaa, ycaee epo oca o. ae a ooax apcoro opa yca ep coac oe .

oceeo apo , a o o ee, ypo, .e. ce pe o oea, ocaoc, oeo, paoo poa a. ec ae aoe peeo pae, ocye ao ece pyoe, aooee paoopax ace apa pao epoo "py", oe. Bc aa pyoea eeoc apo cocpeooaac a opao cee.

o o oeoe opoe pyoeoe aeee, coee ce ooe pao, ae a ooy ocyap. Heao peoaoc pee oo oo, o epecope oc pyx pyoe pa yopo oap, pae opoe ee a, e, ooo cepepo, ey, a .., a ece c e ocope, oo-ac e acep, peea coeo ecoo yop apa; yaa, eo eaec, o yo, a cpa, epea a oo paoy. Ec ca rocyap poo oo pee ocope pao coe Opyeo aa, oox, ocx, pex ocx epex, oox cpx, coceo opyex, o ee oe pee pooa apa ocope pao coe ce.

ec ao ocop ee oee aee o pe, o apa a caa pyoee ex e cax peeo. Oa epeo oea aa ea, ooo cepepo aa eyo e ay-o yap ooe co ep, coop oacp ocoo yroa. Too a e oa caa paoaa eoope pee a ocyap e, ap. oepe opo copoa aaa, a cae copo, ooeo aee ea ooo, ae p a, ooea .. e y ap xopoax c ae y, eo oycac ya epeo ocy oca pax opox ex eox oox ae.

ecoe pe apa paa oa o pax ax eocy coeo oceoo paa coeo opooo oxoa o opeoo o a,, a oe ac epe cox opox op peyeceo o op pae. ae ea acac xocoo cyeoo ycpoca pax ace apa oxoa ceo ee a. Oa yepaa, oeo, e e coea c ocyape, opeeee yoee cex cyee coeo opa; npuaaa e pye pacxo, a, aa, oy, oc, oa .. cey epo, ee pee oac ee Cyua Cya aaa, e ee ap , oa eo ea acac ax-o opox cyae ocoec, ocoeo ooe a-o ecoa, poo o ope, , ee aee, ocaec aec ecooco ocyapey ceecy, ao-o pe eo opo e-o ocop ero. oox e cyaoc eo cece eoepo opoo oopeoc acx eo ooco.

ee apo y oco py ao, oopoy ae oaaoc ocaoo pee, a coopae. coero opooro ocoeoc coeo opooro ecoro a, a cex cox oocex poe, apa ac cepooo, oeeo aep, oopa oa a ycpo cyy aoro cox ooae. Tao peoa aero oa, caero aoo . oy aoy, a eco, a ooaa oa coe po oaoc aoc o aax oa a o cocex ex, ax oca ay, a aoe opacx coea pao... Ta a apc cox ocoax ox aaax e e oac o ooeoro oecoro oeeo a, o ec oe ececeo cpe oe oee o cox ooaax, ae paa a oe o cox peocx.

Bo oey ce e coro a, e o ope ap, cea opa e aae ay a opx opox e copox e oope cao ap.

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o Co apa cea ycpaaac ae, eo epeoa, oaea epea apxao aaco, c ceao, oyo xoao yae oe apxao.

Ha ace o ope ycpac cae rop, a oopx ec e caa apa, o cea yecec ape c epxo op.

Ha Poece, cey epo, yecec co pa, a a a Tpoo eee xopooa, .. ax p p apx, pao p apex xopoax cyecoa ope ce, aopox opax xooe, a ococo ee.

oceeo aa cy yp, yx, ae cee rpe -- opae, oope o y op ocea cap , apoe cx ec.

poce eoooe e oxo ap coepac oe ac eo, oa o ea aopoe op ooac yooc epeeco . Oce o ae e pepac oe peo c oo e, oa apa eaa ece c ocyape a ay-o oexy. Ta 1674 . 25 op ap Aece Mxao co ce ceeco ( ϸ) exa a e coe oe ceo peopaecoe, e o pe a ycpoea oa oexa -- eap a ouue ecma: , Ecp p.[3]

1.2

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oe, ae Kpee, oop c yee, o, e pep apy, Bee, ooy, Bapae Coroy,-- apc op ooe oee eeo yeeco oope. H aaoo ece, ao, p, ooo paee yo. oooye ope, aee , aee oeo oo ooa ex apx peecx oox o o opox ceax a ey, oa, opa, epo, o... Cop ac o eax. Bxa -- o, o, o e oa ceo oo, a opo oxa, op opce o, a poaa x eeo. oy e ao oopo pycce . o-ee a pe opoa, a eepea o ycaax a Moce. e ocaa p cy. epe paa oo e, a ca ee e p opo. Coooo pee ocaaoc eoo: opy -- exa o ope, oac, oa ap yoo opeoa o eo cyy, yy -- ce , , - . [8]

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17- , , . , . . , (27 1689 ) , . . ϸ .

Bce o peey y. Heecy pe c ypa o ope ca oea. Cee e, e ae, aex eax eorpex, e, e coa. o x ec op opy aaa a eecy -- ey copoy y, pacoro ea y pyaxy c ey ac, acoro ea e c pocop, o oy, pyaa, yo paa ep, a e ypaoe aaa, opooe, o ce e, oepee, a cy opo -- Eo ea eoepa. oepx ea-- po oae eoo cya co ca aa yoa, ee oepx -- oooy, cpepoay, a eo exy, a, eo y eyro. a ya epc, y oy e cepa. Booc peca a yo, o eeca e ora opy aa, ocy epee oeco e, a ooy oe co, e opoa, ee.

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aca pe Eo apooa a y a,-- a ocoa cea a cooe oyee. He oa ae e a cac, o pece yoo ape o exa oapo: caxape ep, p c ocy a yoo, oryp, apee ey, opex , pace o. oa, ec e axoc oco ap c pyoee pyo, e, ooe, c oa cepra. oepx ea yo epeox xopoc -- poa.. .

Heecy op oepx ea e ao, o py e co a py, ooy ee epa o. ec epe coo, a a pcy, aoco opa. e-c axy aoa, aoac, a-pyc.

Cy o a ax apaa. a o oap co c oap a peax. a cea ec yoy eecy cey. pya, ce-pepo aae, epe eo epea ooee, ec cy c xee, eo aa, coo e ypa opc epoe. a oe e epa y: ce, o o e epeea eece opoy.

a caxa ocaxa e o py Eo,-- o eoo a, o oca, o cpaxa y eo oac o. a eeco e cape op ec a ax, -- oa -- apxay a y, pyra -- ypyc paa roc.

Ta cy Kpecoy aay. Heecy oca o opaa. Mcy c xee, exa ea, a c apaa oca a co, e ye paccae coo, epe ycyc. Ce y.[8,. 111-115]

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C 1689 . , , , . , , . , . ( XVII , ), , , , . , . - , , .

, , . , - , , ϸ . , , . [2]

1.3

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Mey e cop, acoeo peoa oea a opoc, cope c opaeco oceoaeoc: e ac aaa, po coc oy, o aaa epoec. Hapoe epeoe c popea c po y paceo, paaco cooe pao pyo oopo a oy opoy c oo acapeoo acopeoo acoo y, oopoy ocac ep o ae , ce capoep o cx ccax.

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XVII . . , , . - . , , . , . XVII .

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2. 1

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1700 . (), , , - . , , - , . , . , , .

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