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Курсовая The individual stylistic features of Oscar Wildes plays


Тип работы: Курсовая. Добавлен: 22.03.2012. Страниц: 28. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

Описание (план):


1. Preconditions for Oscar Wilde’s literary style forming and capacity of his plays
1.1. Aestheticism and philosophy of O.Wilde as a basis for his individual literary style
1.2. O.Wilde’s creative genius and his writings
2. Stylistic Features of Oscar Wilde’s Plays
2.1. Definition of style and its peculiarities
2.2. Lexical EM and SD analysis of O.Wilde’s texts
2.3. Syntactical EM and SD analysis of O.Wilde’s plays


Oscar Fingal OFlahertie Wills Wilde (16 October 1854 – 30 November 1900) was an Irish playwright, poet and author of numerous short stories and one novel. Known for his biting wit, he became one of the most successful playwrights of the late Victorian era in London, and one of the greatest celebrities of his day.
Wildes power to arouse fantasies in others - and to fulfill them - is seemingly inexhaustible. Everyone has an opinion about Oscar Wilde: his life, style and literature – and all these opinions are very different and contradictory. It is also true that opinions about no other author have been so ill-informed. From the beginning, there appeared to be about O.Wilde something slightly slant. Earlier in the century the fantasies perhaps might have been dispelled. At the end of the XX century and now the same fantasies continued to circulate. So it really impossible to say exactly when O.Wilde became a very important public figure as he is still it: his influence on modern art, literature, philosophy, stylistics and our life in the whole is still very important, essential and many-valued. [Siegel 1996: 32]
It seems rather difficult to go into details with regards to lots of expressive means and stylistic devices in Oscar Wilde’s plays as they are too many, forming his inimitable individual style. As it is known stylistics treats with special means of the language that help us to have vivid and interesting speech and O.Wilde’s plays considered to be a real treasure for stylistic research [Kazantsev 2006: 4]. These facts underline urgency and the importance of the topic of our scientific paper: “Individual Stylistic Features of Oscar Wilde’s Plays”.
Existing researches review. Individual stylistic features of Oscar Wilde’s plays have become one of the central variables in scientific research during the last years and also last centuries in many countries of the world and has been the subject of various articles and books that have shown a complex variety of opinions and aspects. In this connection it is very important to mention the names of such Russian and foreign researchers as P.Akroyd, A.A.Anikst, B.Bashford, K.Beckson, J.Bristow, R.Elman, A.Gide, R.J.Green, M.J.Guy, F.Harris, V.Igoe, R.Jackson, S.V.Kazantsev, V.A.Lukov, S.King, L.Marcus, N.P.Mikhalskaya, R.Merle, R.K.Miller, H.Montgomery, P.Nicholls, A.Randsome, E.Richard, R.Ross, N.Sammells, G.B.Shaw, S.F.Siegel, I.Small, H.T.Smith, N.V.Solomatina, V.B.Sosnovskaya, F.Tufescu, J.Wood, W.Yates, etc.)
Besides it the underpinnings of this scientific paper also rest on various theoretical research and scientific articles concerning stylistics and various stylistic aspects (I.V.Arnold, N.E.Enkvist, I.R.Galperin, R.R.Gelgart, I.V.Gubbenet, O.K.Denisova, K.A.Dolinin, L.I.Donetskih, E.G.Kovalevskaya,V.A.Kukharenko, L.Y.Maksimov, V.I.Prokhorova, T.A.Sebeok, E.G.Soshalskaya, V.V.Vinogradov, A.Warner, etc.).
As the object of the work we considered Oscar Wilde’s plays.
The subject of the paper – The individual stylistic features of Oscar Wilde’s plays.
The purpose of work. The work provides an overview of some expressive means and stylistic devices in Oscar Wilde’s plays which helps to underline the author’s individual style. In connection with this the main tasks of this scientific paper are:
to explore aestheticism and philosophy of O.Wilde as a basis for his individual literary style and to describe the capacity of his writings;
to clarify the term “style”, its components and peculiarities;
to find out individual stylistic features of Oscar Wilde’s plays with the help of lexical and syntactical EM and SD analysis of O.Wilde’s texts.
The scientific paper consists of introduction, two parts, conclusion and bibliography.

1.1. Aestheticism and philosophy of O.Wilde as a basis for his individual literary style

O.Wilde was particularly well known for his role in the aesthetic and decadent movements although his thoughts in this sphere which played a great role in forming his individual style and literary views came under attack by many critics, who wrote that Wildes “effeminacy and strange points of view on art, devotion to beauty in his books would influence negatively the behavior of men and women, that his plays "eclipses real art and generally accepted ideals" [Sammells 2003: 14]. They also scrutinized the links between Oscar Wildes writing, personal image and views and portraits of his heroes, calling his literary style even "immoral". [Sammells 2003: 15]
It is important to note, that O.Wilde was deeply impressed by the English writers John Ruskin and Walter Pater, who argued for the central importance of art in life. O.Wilde later commented ironically on Paters suppressed emotions: on being informed of the mans death, he replied, "Was he ever alive?" Reflecting on Paters view of art, he wrote in The Picture of Dorian Gray "All art is quite useless". The statement was meant to be read literally, as it was in keeping with the doctrine of Art for arts sake, coined by the philosopher Victor Cousin, promoted by Theophile Gautier and brought into prominence by James McNeill Whistler. In this manner O.Wilde give lectures on aestheticism in London. [Harris 2007: 22]
The aesthetic movement, represented by the school of William Morris and Dante Gabriel Rossetti, had a permanent influence on English decorative art and O.Wilde itself, his literary views. As the leading aesthete in Britain, O.Wilde became one of the most prominent personalities of his day. Though he was sometimes ridiculed for them, his paradoxes and witty sayings were quoted on all sides. [Ross 2008: 4] And we should mention that they are still true-life.
Producer Richard DOyly Carte invited O.Wilde for a lecture tour of North America (1881) considered him to be one of the aesthetic movements charming personalities. Coming to America Wilde reputedly told a customs officer that "I have nothing to declare except my genius", continuing practice his challenging behavior .
During his tour of the United States and Canada, O.Wilde was torn apart by the great number of critics ridiculing him even by cartoons for his aesthetic views, but he was also surprisingly well received in such rough-and-tumble settings as the mining town of Leadville, Colorado [King 2009: 31]. On his return to the United Kingdom O.Wilde was absolutely sure that his mission was "to make this artistic movement the basis for a new civilization". Besides it he wrote that he was “struck with this recognition of the fact that bad art merits the penalty of death”. [Harris 2007: 23]
Oscar Wilde sometimes pretended that art was more important than morality, but that was mere play-acting. Morality or immorality was more important than art to him and everyone else. But the very cloud of tragedy that rested on his career makes it easier to treat him as a mere artist now. His was a complete life, in that awful sense in which our life is incomplete; since we have not yet paid for our sins. In that sense one might call it a perfect life. On the one hand we have the healthy horror of the evil from his books; on the other the healthy horror of the punishment. The hope and fault are always near in his plays [Daily News 1909].
In one of his masterpieces he said:
Those who find ugly meanings in beautiful things are corrupt without being charming. This is a fault.
Those who find beautiful meanings in beautiful things are the cultivated. For these there is hope .
Speaking about Oscar Wilde some calling him a great artist and others a mere charlatan. But this controversy misses the really extraordinary thing about Wilde: the thing that appears in his plays. He was a great artist. He also was really a charlatan. We mean by a charlatan one sufficiently dignified to despise the tricks that he employs. He may be lying in every word, but he is sincere in his style. Style (as Wilde might have said) is only another name for spirit. [Bashford 2007: 8]
O.Wilde professed to stand as a solitary artistic soul apart from the public. He professed to scorn the middle class, and declared that the artist must not work for the bourgeois. But the truth is that no artist so really great ever worked so much for the bourgeois as Oscar Wilde. No man, so capable of thinking about truth and beauty, ever thought so constantly about his own effect on the middle classes. He studied them with exquisite attention, and knew exactly how to shock and how to please them. He disgusts them with new truths, he knew how to say the precise thing which, whether true or false, is irresistible [Harris 2007: 13]. As, for example, “I can resist everything but temptation” .
R.Ross, commenting on Wildes behavior and challenging manner of expression, suggested that Wildes conduct was more of a bid for notoriety rather than the author devotion to beauty and the aesthetic in his books. …Wilde’s challenging life, being full of scandals, influenced on his manner of writing making it a real challenge to society as all his writings [Ross 2008: 5] and understanding of it offers a clue to the profound exploration of his individual literary style and various expressive means and stylistic devices in Oscar Wilde’s plays.

1.2. O.Wilde’s creative genius and his writings

Oscar Wilde was sure that “no artist desires to prove anything, ….the artist must create and reveal the truth” and that is why he is most famous for his sophisticated, brilliantly witty plays, which were the first since the comedies of R.Sheridan and O.Goldsmith to have both dramatic and literary merit.
As Oscar Wilde was one of the Victorian aesthetes he tried to make the writings that should be beautiful in its ...

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