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Реферат MUSIC OF THE GREAT BRITAIN AND ITS ROLE IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSICAL CULTURE

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Тип работы: Реферат. Добавлен: 13.08.2012. Страниц: 15. Уникальность по antiplagiat.ru: < 30%

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MUSIC OF THE GREAT BRITAIN
AND IT’S ROLE IN DEVELOPMENT OF THE MUSICAL CULTURE


REFERATE
CONTENTS:

1. INTRODUCTION
2. A HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRITISH MUSIC
3. POPULAR MUSIC OF THE GREAT BRITAIN IN 20 - THE BEGINNING OF 21 CENTURIES
4. THE BRITISH ROCK MUSIC
5. CONCLUSION. A ROLE OF THE BRITISH MUSIC IN DEVELOPMENT OF MUSICAL CULTURE
6. BIBLIOGRAPHY


1. INTRODUCTION

The actuality of the problematics of development of the world musical culture under influence of the British music is obvious, so as the Great Britain has always been for other world the important exporter of original and exclusive musical ideas. It is important to track and describe the development of the British musical culture in duration of several centuries.
It is obvious, that the given theme applies for detailed and basic research. However, the purpose of the given abstract is defining of the basic periods in the development of the British music, and also determining of its value in the history of the world music.





2. A HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE BRITISH MUSIC

The basis of the popular music are the national songs and dances. Since ancient times in the Great Britain musical creativity was gradually divided into various kinds: folk music and court music for noble people, church, or sacral music, celebratory dances and military marches, wedding, agricultural, funeral songs, etc.
Popular music was generated on the basis, first of all, of entertaining genres. Those songs, which vagrant musicians in the Middle Ages played for amusement of public at fairs, festivals, and also love couplets and dancing melodies, can be considered to be the very early forms of popular music. More serious genres, such as a sacred music or any ceremonial compositions, have become a basis of the classical music.
In the Western Europe the ballads have greatly developed. It was usually the consecutive story: a history of a life of some person, war, the description of fight or tragical love. Frequently these ballads developed into the theatrical representations, or were a part of performance.
In the Great Britain the «ballads - leaflets" have appeared at 16-17 centuries, they were the verses printed on a paper with notes in the top part of a sheet. It has been the first step of show business and of the mass distribution of music. The folk music spreads independently: someone hears a song remembers it and sings, and then someone else hears singing and remembers, etc. It is uncontrollable process. But duplicating of notes is already an attempt of the realized, controllable distribution of music.
The modern British pop belongs to the industry - to set of industrial structures through which musical idea passes for to begin a concrete product and to be sold to millions people as a result. And "ballads - leaflets" were the beginning of formating of this complicated system.
In 1650 in London the collection the Dancing-master made by John Playford (1623-1686) has been released. It was a book with notes of various rural dancing melodies of England; it was supplied by explanatories to dancing figures and movements. J. Playford with his friends travelled around the countryside and collected folklore. The collection was very popular, and very soon it was followed with set of others.
Expressiveness of the national melodies, the accuracy of the ballad forms verified in centuries have drawn attention of serious composers. So, the Dancing-master has underlain the Opera of a beggar, the so-called ballad opera. Composer John Pepush (1667-1752) and playwright John Gey (1...
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