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6-7
.1
1.1
1.2.iooii ocooci
1.3. iea o a oaic i ic ea oo.
oi 2. eoa oee ocie
2.1 ice oee oci a cea oci
2.2 .ooo-iai o oee ocie
2.3. oi o oee ocie
oi III. Eceeaa aca
3.1 iea o a ic aoioo ao o-ooeo i a oa oo
3.2 ic ooo oco i.
3.3 ic ooo ai i a oa oo
3.4
3.5
3.6
3.7. ieaoo e a oa c oaoc oo.
3.8 o i oo
oi V.


c

oooi - i o o o, o ii o oo i, o o oi . o oo oii oi o o o iooooo o ooo o, o ioi oii i oi ii [1].
i ooo o oi i oo, o i o oo i io [2]. o oo i i 16 o 36% i, o 54% oi, o 1,6% , o 3% o o. io oo ooi ioo o i o 1,6 , i io i [3].
oi o, o o oo oo io oo oi o ii oo ooi [4]. i oo i i i, oi oi o io o i oi [5].
Oo io oi o oo i i o oi, i i ii o , i o ooi i o oo o i o [6]. o oi ii o, i o o oi i o o iooioo oi [7, 8].
oo i o iooo o oo ooi o oo o oo o i oi o, i o oi oi oi oo oi. Oii o o oo o i i ooi (o o, iooii , ii o, o o o, ioo) ii oo oo oi. o oi ooo o o oi oo oooo (oo) i o i ooi o io oo . o, oii ooi o oi oo oo o io i o o i o i .

OI 1. O iea
1.1. aooocoace ae a oca oo.
oo oe oac i oo ac i ioai oi aa, i iaac cao i coo oic.
eee eoie aci oo (ee ooo), a ao eoii o ooe coi a ocoo-coe ae. oo, oea, oo oco ocei ocooci. aci eeoo oo ic a iic iaii A, 1, 2, C, iea eo i i i oo aa.
ooo i ea oo oco a oeoa o, 1 oo icc 1,17 o. o. i 180 - 240 eeaoo oe.
aa oo ee ac, cio, a ao coo oo, ooa oic , a ieo ic ia, ao a, i ao . ioci ai ei icc 2-2,5% , 20-30 % ia, 55-65 % eaoc eca eo, 4-5 % io. aa ce i iea ooei: 6-7 / oco < > i ai, 50-60 / aia, aa 10-23, 9-11 ii, 34-38 , 4-6 oie < >, 6-8 o, 0,2-0,4 / oa < > a ii ioeee < ̳>. oo oa oa e acoca ao o, a o aa o 30% eeoaa iec eooi. eoio aoa, o oeii oca ao iea o cao e 50-80%, oo aa aca a iaa oi o, a iooi ao oic ic oaia. oa ea oo 30 /a, occ 150 ao. Oci ao o e oco, o a o eooc oa 4 aiao cei. [9].

1.2 oaio - oooii ocooci
oai oc < > oo (pisum l.) ecae eioa a, ai oe oio . sativum l, - oo < > oci. i a ia ii, ooi : 1) ssp. sativum - oo ocio i ia i ci ooo aci < > (i, oe, ee) 2) ssp. arvense - oo oo (ea) eoo-ioeo ia i e, aco aao-aae ea aci; c eo aoiao a. [10]1)
oeea ccea oo cea. oo oi, o oa a 1,0-1,5 , oac i o aao i oii, o oic oo, oe oeo i oeo ai . a oe oc o, o aco ao oi i ce iiooio-ai eo. oeea ccea oo aaec ao coic oee ie, o aee oe aoo o, oea ocai.
Ceo eooo ace, io ioci. oo cea ecii o a i ci o oae. Ceo a oc, o i i o a o oiei ioio, i ao oco oe ei aci i e a, ia a oa; ae ceo eo a.
co oo aoiac, caac eea i 1-4 a coi. c ei aiceeoii i ao ae a. o ocoi ca aaei aoiao ( e).
aa coei co oo aieci (ea a coi, ae c) i eci ao cai (ea i coi, i ci). i co aaec coo ciic o a, a co oic a ao aoo oca ooce aaao eei co, ai a oaa.
ia eeooo . ioo caac eco. aae io i ioo o eooo i ioeooo. i oic o oi i aci ca. c oca oa oco aoo.
i - i io e, o i aae. o a 6-8 aci. oo a o eio ii, acio oo ee a o a i aci cea oic oci, a a ei - eei, o ai i. ic oca o oicc i oie aci aa. ocai o coc co, o e oicc. [11].
a oc. oo iia ai a oc: ooca, co, ia cea, oiai, ii, oa oi, oca, oa cic. i ae ae a a coi, oiai, ii i oca.

1.3 .iooii ocooci
o o eea. oo ooocia, ioco aooa o ea a. aci oa ooca a eea 1-2C. oe iooi ii oea i coi oo cao 4-5C. a o eea co c e ee 15-25 i, c ooacoic a eei oc oc. ie eea o 10C aci ooca e, co c a 5-7 i.( co o a oo o ic 5-7C. Ciii o ooi ooi co (ea). Oaa eeaa oe eea oai oo - 12-16C, eea - 16-20C. eeaa oa 26C eao a a e i ic oa.
o o oo. o oo oo o. ai i ooca aci oio 110-115%, a oo coi o 150% o i oo ac. aai o oc caac aai 450-600 a i, a ooic cao 70-80% aeo ooooci. ai oi oc oo o aeee ooo ai oiai, ii i oa oi.
oci o aic eeai oo oe cooac ioa a. aciii o oc aoci co, i ca coa oa, oco oi aac oo i. ao , aia ooic i ac ii i oe oi o o aioo oc eeao ac, aoaie oc, acio oo aci oc i.
a ocociic oo eeaa o, i , ae ocac coei, i i. eaa a e, o oo e ae o ococi , oo oa oa ioco oc oa. e oo a oo oe oe oo ceo oeeo cce. aciai oeii 400-600. ece oco i ai o coo a o a 6-10%.
o o cia. oo - cioa a i ae o oc ooo . eoca iic cia e i oo oo. Cea c, a, cae oac oeea ccea, ee ac oi, ec oaic. ooeioa eai oo ico oaa cea cao cia. cii ooo eeaa oooi oei, o c coeo o oo, ao i oo oa.
o o . oo - a cooo i. ai oa oe a ooea, ci ico i oe eoo-ioc a. eai ooo o ( 6,8-7,4) a eao. i oo ocao c, aa, oco, ai a ioeeei oie i o. a a, e i i c a oeea ccea oic eoo, ic iic oo aei. eai oa oo ai, ci, ci, eeooei . a e, i a oo oci aee oaic, o i ai oa oo oooo (e).



1.4. iea o a oaic i ic ea oo.
o ooo oi oo i , oo o o . i i oo oi i oi. Ooo o o o ooo i o. o o o o, oi. Ooi oo o o ooi [12].
ii o o ooo, oo o o oio i iooo ooo ioo .
o oi o oo i ioio ioi oo oo 45-50 o, 17-25 oo, 35-40 i, 8-13 i io oi o [13].
oo i o o o o o oo oo ioio. i ii i o o , oi o oo , i. i o o o i .
o aa i ie oo ooci ae ae a ie oa ocoo ia. i ioci ocoac oa cicoocoac a coceiac ecaa ia, a e o o oca a i oi, a cae eoc, oca oi ooa ic a 30/35%, a oi ca a 40/50% i ie. ic coiaic oi. iia io ei ooo aaci oio o oa ao oei ocii eooo [14].
O ee eeoo ocoo ia oo oo, ococ a o i ooa, eeoo o i cia. oo oo ic e iic ia ci aca oc: acii - 25/32%, eei aci - 14/22, cooi - 8%. eo oo ic 180/200 eeaoo oe 1 .o. [2/4, 6, 8]. i oo, ea eeo i, aii, e, ai, ioe, a eeaic ia coo e a a, i coo i ai. Cooa oo oooo oe c ao i aeiao coca: oi o a i oo oc, oa i ic coc i ic ia o. io ea ic ia 2,5 aa ie, i eoi .
., o........


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